Interdependence of Plants and Animals (Ecosystems) 5.L.2

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food chains
A series of steps in which organisms transfer energy by eating and being eaten
energy pyramid
A diagram that shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web
adaptations
A behavior or physical characteristic that allows an organism to live successfully in its environment.
prey
An organism that is killed and eaten by another organism
communities
All the different populations that live together in an area
terrestrial
A land environment
aquatic
A water environment
ecosystem
all the living and nonliving things in an area that interact with each other
biotic
all of the living parts of an ecosystem
abiotic
all of the nonliving parts of an ecosystem
population
the group of organisms of the same species living in the same area
habitat
the location in which an organism lives
consumer
an organism that eats other living things to get energy; an organism that does not produce its own food
producer
an organism that makes its own food; an organism that does not consume other plants or animals
decomposer
Organisms which carry out the process of decomposition by breaking down dead or decaying organisms.
food web
A community of organisms where there are several interrelated food chains
competition
The fight among organisms for limited resources.
predator
An animal that hunts other animals for food
biomes
geographical areas filled with a major community of plant and animal life
niche
An organism's particular role in an ecosystem, or how it makes its living.
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