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CHAPTER 8

STUDY
PLAY
The Missouri crisis stood in sharp contrast to the general tone of the nation at the time because
it went against the general feelings of unity and nationalism prevalent in the nation at the time.
The Second National Bank of the United States
was essentially the same institution supported by Alexander Hamilton a generation before.
Which of the following did NOT occur after the War of 1812?
demanded that the government protect them from foreign competition.
After the war, the nation's most pressing economic need was
using its size and power to compel state banks to issue sound notes or go out of business.
After peace was restored, "infant industries" that prospered during the war
demanded that the government protect them from foreign competition.
The Second Bank of the United States could deal with the nation's currency problem by
using its size and power to compel state banks to issue sound notes or go out of business.
According to "nationalists" in the government, "internal improvements" should be financed by
the national government.
The American "mountain men"
were closely tied to the expanding market economy of the United States.
The administration of President James Monroe was called the "era of good feelings" because
it was a time of few factional disputes and partisan divisions.
The addition of Florida to the nation was due largely to
the military conquests of Andrew Jackson within the territory.
The Black Belt was
an area of dark, rotted limestone soil that was excellent for cotton
In the American mind of the 1820s, the Far West was seen as
a great desert.
The Panic of 1819
did little to change American attitudes toward growth and expansion.
The Missouri crisis, which was settled by a compromise in 1820, was significant because it was a sign of sectional crisis and because it
stood in such sharp contrast to the rising American nationalism of the 1820s.
John Marshall's influence on the Supreme Court was so great that he
more than anyone other than the framers themselves molded the development of the Constitution.
The lasting significance of Gibbons v. Ogden was that it
freed transportation systems from restraints by the states.
The decisions of the Marshall Court
established the primacy of the federal government in regulating the economy and opened the way for an increased federal role in promoting economic growth.
In its rulings concerning the Indian tribes, the Marshall Court held that
the national government, not the states, had authority.
The Monroe Doctrine
established American preeminence in the Western Hemisphere.
The charge of a "corrupt bargain" was raised when
Clay supported Adams for the presidency and was appointed secretary of state.
Adams's nationalistic program, which was a lot like Clay's American System, was not funded because
Jackson's supporters in Congress voted against it.
In his victory in 1828, Jackson drew his greatest support from the
South and the West.