Terms in this set (34)
Fungal infection common on the scalp or in a beard
Affects toes and fingernails
Also called pityriasis versicolor, a fungal infection of the skin, causing small discolored patches
Skin lesions mnemonic
Asymmetry, border irregularity, color variation, diameter >6mm, elevation, and enlargement
Patients with bacterial vaginosis often have
watery gray discharge
Most causative urinary tract infection causative in men:
Proteus species, most volnurabble after catherization
Most causative urinary tract infection causative in women:
Mycoplasma is known to cause
Patients with candidiasis often have
thick white curdy discharge
Patients with chlamydia can have also have an
abnormal vaginal discharge, but do not have strawberry patches on the cervix
Patients with trichomonas often have.
yellowish-green discharge and dyspareunia, and a physical examination will reveal strawberry patches on the cervix
Both the application of liquid nitrogen and 5-fluorouracil are treatment options for
Tar shampoo is useful for
eczema or psoriasis
Insulin glargine, or lantus, is a
very long-acting insulin that can be given at night. (20-24 hrs)
Insulin lispro (Humalog) is
short-acting (<5 hrs)
intermediate-acting (10-16 hrs)
A normal iron level for an adult male is
Normal hematocrit for adult males is
40 - 54%
Hemoglobin reference range
14 - 18 g/dL is the reference range
Mean corpuscular volume reference range
80 - 95 fL the reference range
Computed tomography is the most sensitive type of imaging to detect a.
Magnetic resonance imaging is best for identifying
soft tissue injuries of ligaments and tendons, spinal cord injuries, and brain tumors
Levofloxacin is the best option for treating
community-acquired pneumonia in a patient who has recently taken antibiotics.
Levofloxacin can also be used to treat pneumonia when other comorbidities are present, including alcoholism, bronchiectasis/cystic fibrosis, COPD, intravenous drug use, post-influenza, asplenia, diabetes mellitus, and lung/liver/renal diseases.
Azithromycin is the best option for treating
community-acquired pneumonia in a patient who has not recently taken antibiotics
Amoxicillin is used to treat
sinusitis. It can also be used to treat pneumonia in a patient who has already used azithromycin in the past three months. It is then used again with azithromycin or clarithromycin
Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole is not f
irst- or second-line treatment for pneumonia
Loss of the corneal. Reflex is indicative if a problem with which cranial nerve?
Cranial nerve V is involved in sensory and motor control of the face. Loss of the corneal reflex indicates a problem with this nerve. Stimulation of the cornea by a foreign object or bright light should elicit bilateral blinking.
Cranial nerve IV is responsible for
Downward and inward eye movement
Cranial nerve II is responsible for
Cranial nerve X is important for
swallowing and is involved in maintaining an intact gag reflex
A first degree burn is
superficial and mild in nature; the skin will involve only the epidermis and appear dry and erythematous.
Second degree, or partial-thickness burns, affect
both the epidermis and dermis and the skin appears wet with blisters.
Third degree, or full-thickness burns, are the
most severe type of burn and extend beneath the dermis into deeper structures. The skin is often necrotic or white and numb.