Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account


The Seleucids were finally defeated in 83 B.C.E. by the

victory of Cyrus over Lydia

The major early turning point in the rise of the Persian Empire was the

Achaemenids, Seleucids, Parthians, Sasanids

Which of the following lists of the Persian empires is correct chronologically?

as a gift from Ahura Mazda that should be enjoyed

Zarathustra viewed the material world

Angra Mainyu

Zarathustra talked about the battle between the "wise lord" Ahurda Mazda and the evil spirit


Which Iranian state followed the Achaemenids and rivaled the Seleucids in greatness?

Arab warriors

The Sasanids were deafeted in 651 B.C.E. by


The greatest of the Achaemenid emperors was

Persian administrative units

Satrapies were


The magnificent capital of the Persian Empire constructed by Darius was


The leader of the Lydians who fell to Cyrus was

the view of the material world as a place of temptation that had to be ignored

Which of the following basic tenets of Zoroastrianism did not influence later religions?

Seleucid Empire

The empire, comprising most of the old Achaemenid state, that was taken by a general of Alexander the Great was the


The Persian king who regularized tax levies and standardized laws was

Mithradates I

The greatest Parthian ruler was


In organizing their empire, Persian rulers relied heavily on techniques of administration from the


The founder of the Achaemenid Empire was

a Persian loss

The battle of Marathon in 490 B.C.E. proved to be

allowed to spread through its own merits

Zoroastrianism was


The king who failed to follow the normal Persian governing policy of toleration was

Zarathustra's compositions

The Gathas were

the Royal Road

The center of the Persian communications networks was

went further than the Persian emperors in their efforts to foster cultural unity

The Qin and Han dynasties

Qin Shihuangdi

The Chinese emperor who was notorious for his hatred of Confucianism and for his burning of books was

the gap between the rich and the poor grew dangerously large

As the Han dynasty became more powerful and wealthy

Wang Mang

carried out reforms so revolutionary that he is known as the "socialist emperor"

clear and strict laws

Shang Yang and Han Feizi hoped to control China's subjects by


The philosophy that criticized social activism and, instead, proposed a life of reflection and introspection

human nature is essentially good

At the heart of Mencius's philosophy was the belief that

Sima Qian

the first great Chinese historian

arose from the proper ordering of human relationships

Confucius believed that political and social harmony


Confucian "superior individuals" who took an active role in public affairs


the Chinese concept of filial piety, which was central to the family structure

became core texts of traditional Chinese education

Through the efforts of Confucius, the literary works of the Zhou period


disengagement from the affairs of the world


The most important text of Daoism


What was the school of philosophical thought that returned order to China after the Period of Warring States?

support of traditional learning

Which one of the following was not one of Qin Shihuangdi's policies?

a continuation of Qin policies of centralization

The Han philosophy of rule was

establishing an imperial university

In 124 B.C.E. Han Wudi transformed China by

established the principle of collective responsibility

In an effort to bring about effective government control, the Legalists


Chinese philosophers often spoke of the following term, which means "the way"


Which of the following Confucian terms and its translations is NOT correct?

Alexander of Macedon

In 327 BCE India was thrown into political chaos by the invasion of


The kingdom that played a leading role in Indian unification, after the withdrawal of Alexander of Macedon, was


Ancient Indian religion revolved around ritual sacrifices offered by whom?

the fact that they did not recognize social hierarchies based on caste

The greatest contribution of the Jains was


The Jains adhered to the principle of nonviolence to other living things or souls, which is expressed in the word

Bhagavad Gita

The Indian work that deals with a dialogue between the warrior, Arjuna, and his charioteer, Krishna, is the

reflected the increasingly materialistic character of Indian society

The beliefs of the Charvakas

that the gods were figments of the imagination

The Charvaka sect believed


The Indians political scene changed dramatically in 520 BCE when new administrative techniques were introduced after the invasion of the


The Mauryan emperor, Ashoka, fought his bloodiest battle against

returned to a series of regional kingdoms

After the collapse of the Mauryan Empire, India

Chandra Gupta

The year 320 CE saw the creation of the Gupta dynasty by

understanding the rhythms of the monsoon winds

The success and timing of trade, through the Indian Ocean basin, largely depended on

the rise of guilds, which essentially served as jati

One of the biggest transformation of the caste system during this period was

Hinayana Buddhism

Theravada Buddhism is also known as

the common practice of child marriage

One of the most pronounced examples of patriarchal dominance in ancient India was

White Huns

The eventual collapse of the Gupta states was partially caused by an invasion by the

debase the currency

One of the biggest financial problems of the later Mauryan period was the ruler's decision to


The Kushans in India reached their peak under


The high point of Mauryan success came during the reign of

Chandragupta Maurya

The first ruler to unify India was

a series of small kingdoms

During the time of the Aryans the Indian political landscape was characterized by


Although only fragments remain, some of our best information about early Indian history comes from the book, Indika, written by


The boddhisatva is associated with what religion?

leading a balanced and moderate life

The Buddha believed that salvation came from

usually consisted of independent, autonomous city states

The political structure of the ancient Greeks

all Athenian citizens

Athenian democracy was open to


In which polis did women have the most freedom?


The wealthiest of the Hellenistic empire was the _____________ empire


Later Christian scholastic philosophers referred to this man as "the master of those who know"


Which of the Hellenistic philosophers viewed pleasure as the greatest good?

philosopher kings

In "The Republic", Plato proposed that the true rulers of society should be


the most influential female Greek poet


The largest part of Alexander's conquests, essentially the former Achaemenid empire, was taken over by


The decisive naval battle of the Persian War was fought at


Of the natural disasters that plagued the Minoans, the most devastating was the volcanic eruption in 1628 BCE on the island of


The Mycenaeans received early, indirect influence from the Egyptians and Phoenicians through their contact with the


Which of the following words was used the by Greeks to refer to generals or politicians who, although often popular, gained power by irregular means


Women were the chief devotees of the Greek god of wine, who was named


Which of the following did Socrates believe was more important than wealth or fame?


The easternmost point of Alexander's conquests was

Philip II

By 338 BCE, the Greeks had fallen to

centralized imperial state

Which of the following did NOT come about because of Greek colonization?

All of the above

Which of the following events occurred during the time if Pericles?

the Seleucid empire

Of all the Hellenistic empires, Greek influence was greatest in

Lucius Cornelius Sulla

The leader, supported by the Roman aristocrats, who led a slaughter of more than ten thousand of his political enemies

as a Roman citizen Paul had the right to appeal his case in Rome, which he did

Paul's case was transferred to Rome because


The Roman policy of toleration and respect for conquered peoples was most similar to the


The most prominent school of moral philosophy in Rome was


From 66 to 70 AD the Romans fought a bloody battle with the

Twelve Tables

The Romans had a long tradition of written law stretching back to 450 BCE and the creation of the

the right of a patrician to transfer out of a plebeian court

All of the following were the foundations of Roman law with the exception of


Octavian was able to restore order to the Roman world with his victory in 31 BCE at

favored liberal policies and social reform

In regard to political philosophy, Julius Caesar

enormous plantations worked by slaves

Latifundia were


During the Punic Wars, the Romans first fought the Carthaginians over the most important source of grain in the western Mediterranean. Where was is?


During times of crisis the Romans would appoint an official with absolute power known as a


During its early history, Rome was dominated by the


In the early stages of the Roman Republic, the patricians elected two


The last of the Ptolemaic rulers was

stimulated the development of the local economies and states

The Roman conquest of Gaul, Germany, Britain, and Spain

the hearth

Vesta was the Roman goddess of


Zeus was to Jupiter as Ares was to


Which of the following religions was not popular during the Roman Empire?

a Jewish sect that looked for the appearance of a savior

The Essenes were


Who was the Roman general during the Third Punic War?

Pyrinies and Alpas

What two mountain ranges did Hannibal cross on his way to invade Rome?


What naval invention helped the Romans take back their holdings in the Mediterranean in the First Punic War?


What North African ally kingdom brought Rome into the Third Punic War?

eternal enemy of Rome

What did Hannibal promise to both Rome and Carthage as a young man?

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording