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Terms, people, events, and ideas associated with the study of the U.S. military activity in Vietnam from 1945-1975.
Terms in this set (22)
Ho Chi Minh
(1890-1969) leader of the Communist Party in Indochina after WWII; led Vietnamese against the French, then North Vietnamese against the United States in the Vietnam War
an organization whose goal it was to win Vietnam's independence from foreign rule; originated 1945.
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
Dien Bien Phu
A town of northwest Vietnam near the Laos border. The French military base here fell to Vietminh troops on May 7, 1954, after a 56-day siege, leading to the end of France's involvement in Indochina.
a 1954 peace agreement that divided Vietnam into Communist-controlled North Vietnam and non-Communist South Vietnam until unification elections could be held in 1956
Ngo Kinh Diem
(3 January 1901 - 2 November 1963) was the first president of South Vietnam (1955-1963). Anti-communist dictator who repressed all opposition; backed by U.S. until assassinated in a coup de tat.
the guerrilla soldiers of the Communist faction in South Vietnam, also know as the National Liberation Front
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
a resolution adopted by Congress in 1964, giving the president broad powers to wage war in Vietnam
Secretary of Defense under JFK & LBJ; expanded American involvement in Vietnam
American General who commanded American military operations in the Vietnam War at its peak from 1964 to 1968
Highly flammable chemical dropped from US planes in firebombing attacks during the Vietnam War and other conflicts.
a herbicide used in the Vietnam War to defoliate forest areas
an operation developed for United States troops in Vietnam; troops would move through a designated area destroying enemy troops as they found them; relied heavily on new modes of transportation
This was the gap between the people and the government that grew as the people became disillusioned with the Vietnam War.
someone who prefers negotiations to armed conflict in the conduct of foreign relations
person who advocates immediate firm action, including the use of force, to resolve international crises
a massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities in early 1968.
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
secret government documents published In 1971; revealed that the u.s. government had misled americans about the vietnam war.
The main negotiator of the peace treaty with the North Vietnamese; secretary of state during Nixon's presidency (1970s).
a communist organization formed in Cambodia in 1970 that imposed a reign of terror on Cambodian citizens
War Powers Act
Notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying troops; had to gain congress' approval to stay longer than 90 days; designed to curtail President's power
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