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Terms in this set (20)
The Safety of Sports Grounds Act 1975
- open air but includes stadiums with a roof e.g. principality stadium
- accommodation for spectators
- securing reasonable safety at the sports ground
- think level 6 at the principality stadium (highest level) and people intoxicated and being sick - reasonably foreseeable
Stadia events - responsibility?
- Ground management
- Statutory partners including emergency services have an advisory role only
Health & Safety certificate
Safety of sports grounds legislation- Football Licensing Authority.
Fire safety legislation
Health & Safety at Work legislation (HASAWA 1974)
Equality & Disabilities Acts
- Multi-agency which is mutually agreed upon and not only the police
- Negotiate with organisers with a statement of intent - what are the responsibilities of those involved?
Gold strategic intentions
Overall protection the life and property of communities within the area of responsibility.
To minimise the risk and maintain the safety of the public who are attending the event and provide a safe working environment for staff.
To provide a proportionate policing response to minimise disruption, prevent public disorder, ensure public safety in area of responsibility including the periods pre and post event and apprehend offenders where crimes are committed if possible and practicable.
To provide a co-ordinated response to minimise disruption and provide reassurance to residents of the local community and persons working in local businesses.
To maintain safety, prevent disorder outside the Stadium, and ensure a free flow of traffic.
To assist stadium stewards in the investigation of crime and disorder at the event if called upon to do so and apprehension of offenders.
To minimise the risks posed by potential criminal activity and where it is committed to investigate the crime dealing proportionately and fairly with offenders and securing the best evidence for any prosecutions.
To reduce tension and return to a steady state of normality within the community
To minimise any disruption to the policing of communities across the force area and ensure that normal business of the organisation is maintained.
To maintain the confidence and provide community reassurance to our communities throughout the duration of this event and following the event.
Command and Control
- Gold commander has police primacy
- Silver commander - resources and tactical option to allow appropriate action
The police commander at the stadium (silver)
Responsible for policing the stadium and:
- public order policing (or disorder)
- demarkation - clear in any operational order
- base he operational order on what you know at the time (IIMARCH) and it's important to include the date and time
- intelligence - useful or sometimes not
- you'll have someone policing the stadium and someone outside
- designated geographical area of responsibility
Stadia events: timelines
Divided into three sections; before, during and after
Before - up to the time of the event/match commences
During - duration of the event (first half, second half)
After - all activity following after concluded event
The Ground Safety Officer
Accountability and Access to Management
Identification and Communication
SGSA - Sports Ground Safety Authority
- ensuring that you're complying with the green guide
- The Sports Grounds Safety Authority is the UK Government's expert body on safety at sports grounds. Responsible for writing guidance including the Guide to Safety at Sports Grounds (the "Green Guide") and carrying out a range of statutory functions for football in England and Wales and advisory functions in relation to other sports in the UK.
The statutory functions are set out in the Football Spectators Act 1989 and the Sports Ground Safety Authority Act 2011.
They regulate local authorities in their oversight of safety at the 92 football clubs in the Premier League and the Football League, and at Wembley and the Principality Stadium.
Multi-agency Internal and External Provisions
The Ground Management or lessee has the responsibility of the planning, crowd management and safety requirements at the Stadium.
Road Closures & parking - Local Authority
Park and Ride Facilities - Local Authority
Rail Travel and crowd management - Rail operators and BTP
Bomb Threat - Stadium event Safety Officer in consultation with the Police Commander.
Emergency Medical Response - Fire & Ambulance
Emergency Medical Routes - Police
Pitch Invasion - Stewards with Police support
All planned because a lot of it is reasonably foreseeable
Safety Advisory Group
- Provide specialist advice
- Ensure co-ordination to anything regarding public safety which is paramount
- To provide advice and assistance to the certificate holders, event license holders and event planners on public safety related issues
- All matters concerned with crowd safety
- To consider, review & react to legislation and and all available guidance
Stadia events: risk assessment
1) General threat to the UK
2) Generic risk assessments to specific roles
3) Risk assessment of public disorder
Additional generic risk assessments could involve; officer patrol, custody duties, CID duties, dog handling duties, control room and communications centre
Stadia events: capacity
1) Whole stadium
P factor - physical condition of the facilities (e.g. stairs, chairs and viewing areas)
S factor - safety management aspects of the area
Contingency planning for stadia events
Ground management should assess the risk of any incident occurring at the sports ground which might prejudice public safety or disrupt normal operations; for example, fire, power cuts, bomb threats, delayed starts or crowd disorder.
Contingency plans should be reviewed both annually and after any incident, significant near miss or annual exercise. Following the review the contingency plans should be presented to the board of directors (or equivalent body) for ratification.
Remember significant emergency, serious emergency and catastrophic emergency levels.
If you've got a contingency plan, you've got to test it! It also needs to be reviewed annually after any incident
Planning and management of circulation routes provide the means for spectators to move in and out, and around the ground, under both normal and emergency conditions
Safe circulation is achieved by...
Physical means - primarily good design and construction, reinforced by technical aids and clear signposting.
Human resources - primarily good stewarding, reinforced by technical aids, communications, maintenance and good housekeeping.
Seven Lines of Communication:
- Stewards and other safety personnel
- All points of entry & EXIT (monitoring of counting systems)
- The police, other emergency services and medical agencies
- Spectators, inside and outside the ground
- Other members of staff
- Officials in charge of the actual event
- British Transport Police, the Highways Agency and public transport
- Other external companies where necessary.
There's loads of key legislation surrounding this, such as:
Safety of Sports Grounds Act 1975
Fire Safety and the Safety of Places of Sport Act 1987
Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974
Civil Contingencies Act 2004
Disability Discrimination Act 2005
Sporting Events Control of Alcohol Act 1985
Private Security Industry Act 2001
Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006
Try and remember a few!
Types of Bronze Commanders
Functional - specific to the role they're undertaking
Geographic - responsible for a specific area of the stadium based on what you know about the area