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Chap 11 Test (Reading Checks)
Terms in this set (17)
How did Ida B. Wells attempt to stop the lynchings of African Americans?
She published a book that denounced mob violence and demanded a fair trial by law.
Why did Garfield's assassination highlight the need for political reform?
It excited public opinion against the spoils system and allowed Congress to pass the Pendleton Act.
What were the results of most presidential elections between 1876 and 1896?
Republicans won 4 out of 6.
Who were the Exodusters?
African Americans migrating from the rural South to Kansas.
What were the results of the 1896 presidential election?
William McKinley won.
What was the main outcome of the Populist campaign in the elections of 1892?
The Populist party ended.
Why did the Exodusters migrate to Kansas in 1879?
Because the whole south was in the hands of the very people who held them slaves.
How did the Supreme Court help to legalize segregation?
They overturned the Civil Rights Act of 1875
Why was the Interstate Commerce Commission unable to carry out its goals effectively?
It had to rely on the courts to enforce its ruling.
What were the results of the McKinley Tarrif?
It lowered federal revenue and transformed the nation's budget surplus into the budget deficit?
From what sources did Grover Cleveland gain support in the 1884 presidential election?
"mugwumps" and by his reputation for truthfulness
How did the Southern states restrict African American voting in the 1890s?
by creating a grandfather clause
How did the Farmer's Alliance try to help farmers?
It organized exchanges with cooperatives to try to force farm prices up and make loans to farmers at low interest rates.
What was significance of the Supreme Court's ruling in Plessy vs. Ferguson?
Segregation and Jim Crow Laws were found to be constitutional and enforceable under the idea of "separate but equal".
How did the Grange attempt to solve farmers' problems in the late 1800s?
by creating a meeting place for them to socialize, exchange knowledge, and later discuss politics
What economic problems did the US face during the administration of Pres. Cleveland?
labor strikes and tariffs
What contributed to political deadlock at the federal level between 1876 and 1896?
Republicans controlled the Senate, but mainly Democratic state legislatures selected senators, presidents won by slim margins, party bosses controlled the party
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