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earliest known record of the practice of the art of the apothecary
priest + pharmacist + physician
first recorded symptoms of illness, prescription and directions for compounding, and invocation to the gods
papyrus ebers - pharmaceutical record of 800 prescriptions including 700 drugs
echelons - gatherers and preparers of drugs
cheifs of fabrication - head pharmacist
experimenter in drug compounding
120 - 200 A.D.
practiced and taught pharmacy and medicine in rome
originator of formula for cold cream
Damian and Cosmas
pharmacy's patron saints
damian - apothecary
cosmas - physician
brothers of arabian descent that provided medicinal and religious solace
first official pharmacopeia
nuovo receptario - legal standard in 1498
result of collaboration of guild of apotecaries and the medical society
Marshall Apothecary, Philadelphia
christopher marshall - irish immigrant that established his first shop
leading retail store, large scale chemical manufacturing, training school for pharmacists
managed by elizabeth marshall, america's first female pharmacist
colonial america's first hospital, 1751
first hospital pharmacy, 1752
philadelphia college of pharmacy, 1821
Carl Wilhelm Scheele
discovered oxygen, chlorine, nitroglycerin, and many more in the back of his pharmacy
opened to all pharaceutists and druggists of good character that subscribed to its code of ethics
Dr. Albert B. Prescott
launched pharmacy course at the university of michigan, 1868
abandoned apprenticeship requirement, and a definite curriculum demanded student's full-time attention
Parke, Davis & Company
introduced standardized "liquor ergotae purificatus", 1879
received first U.S. biological license, 1903
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