15 terms

Vocabulary #25

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Dwight D. Eisenhower
Commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, President during the Cold War, sent troops to Little Rock, AK to desegregate the schools
Eisenhower Doctrine
Pledged U.S. military and economic aid to Middle Eastern nations threatened by communist aggression.
U2 Incident
American spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union, increasing Cold War tensions between the two superpowers.
Sputnik
The first artificial satellite to orbit Earth, launched by the Soviets in 1957, Sparked the start of the space race and education reform is the USA.
Brinkmanship
Pushing dangerous situations to the edge of disaster rather than conceding (giving up)
Domino Theory
A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
Cuban Missile Crisis
1962 crisis that arose between the United States and the Soviet Union over a Soviet attempt to deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba
Fidel Castro
Headed Cuba from 1959-2008, allied with Soviet Union in 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963
Prohibited testing of nuclear bombs above ground to slow the nuclear arms race and the release of nuclear fallout into the atmosphere
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Passed in 1964, it authorized the President to take all necessary measures to fight in Vietnam, this escalated the war
Vietnamization
Nixon's policy of slowly withdrawing U.S. troops, and equipping and training of the South Vietnamese to fight for themselves.
Kent State Massacre
Killing of student protesters at Kent State in Ohio. Students were protesting the war in Vietnam
War Powers Act
Legislation passed in 1973 that attempted to limit the president's power to make war
Détente
A policy of reducing Cold War tensions
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) of 1972
Leaders of the US and the Soviet Union agreed to limit their nations' stocks of nuclear weapons
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