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Terms in this set (33)
Identify two reasons that states wrote constitutions
a written constitution would spell out the rights of all citizens and it would limit the power of government
What did Virginia's constitution also include?
a bill of rights, or a list of freedoms that the government promises to protect
Identify some of the rights guaranteed under Virginia's Bill of Rights
trial by jury, freedom of religion and freedom of the press
How was power divided in the states?
power was divided between an executive and a legislature
Who elected members of the legislature?
What did the legislature do?
they passed laws
Which state did not have a governor who executed the laws?
What were the requirements for voting?
a citizen had to be white, male, over the age of 21 and owned property or pay taxes
Which state temporarily allowed women to vote?
Could free African Amerian males vote?
only in a few states and only if they owned property
*What is considered to be the first constitution of the US, and when was it ratified?
the Articles of Confederation, ratified in 1777
*What did the Articles create?
a loose alliance of 13 independent states
*How many votes did each state have under the Articles?
*Identify some of the powers of Congress under the Articles
congress could declare war, appoint military officers, and coin money. It was also responsible for foreign affairs.
*Complete this sentence: compared to the states, Congress had very _______ powers
* How many states had to approve a law before it could go into effect?
*Identify some of the powers that Congress lacked
congress could not regulate trade between states or between states and foreign countries. It could not tax. It could ask states for money or borrow it, but no state could be forced to contribute funds
* The Articles did not include a(n)___________________ to enforce the laws. _____________ had to enforce the laws passd by Congress
*There was also no system of ____________________to settle conflits between states
*What did Maryland want other states to do before ratifying the Articles?
to cede their western lands
*What was the reason for Maryland's request?
they feared that landed states would become too powerful
*When did the Articles of Confederation finally go into effect?
* Identify some of the weaknesses of the Articles:
Disputes arose between states, and there was no way to solve them.
The United States central government, without the power to tax, had no way to repay its debts from the War
The U.S. currency, the Continental, was not backed by gold or silver and had little value
States printed their own currencies, and most states refused to accept the money of other
*Why was trade between the states difficult?
most states refused to accept the money of other states
*How did foreign nations take advantage of the U.S. weakness after the War?
Britain refused to withdraw its troops from the Ohio Valley
Spain closed its port in New Orleans to American shipping, which seriously hurt western farmers who depended on the port to ship their products to the East
*What did the Land Ordinance of 1785 do?
It set up a system for settline the Northwest Territory
*Describe the system for settling the Northwest Territory
Under the Land Ordinance of 1785, the northwest territory was to be divided into townships consisting of six square miles of 36 sections. The sections would be sold to settlers, reserving one for public schools. One section = one square mile, or 640 acres
* What was the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 set up a system of governing the Northwest Territory and provided a process to admit new states to the union.
A "territory -- land not yet a state -- would hav a temporary government chosen by Congress consisting of a governmor and three judges.
When 5000 adult males had settled in the territory, the voters could elect representatives to a legislaure that would make laws for the territory
When 60,000 people lived in one part of the territory, that area could ask Congress to become a state
Settlers were guaranteed freedom of religion, speech, and other basic rights
Towns were encouraged to establish public schools
Slavery WAS NOT ALLOWED
*What was outlawed there?
slavery was outlawed in the Northwest Territory
*How could a territory be admitted to the union as a state?
Once a territory had a population of 60,000 settlers, it could apply to Congress to be admitted as a free state
Which states comprised the Northwest Territory?
Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio
Shays' Rebellion is important because
It caused everyone to realize that the United States needed a strong central government and an executive to solve problems, especially in times of crisis
What was the (original) purpose of the May, 1787 convention in Philadelphia?
To revise the Articles of Confederation
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