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Chapters: 4 & 5 (Reinforcement)
Terms in this set (31)
A behavior occurs and is immediately followed by a consequence that results in the increased likelihood of the behavior occurring in the future. This process is called:
Andy answers a question in class, and is praised by the teacher. As a result, Andy becomes more likely to answer questions in class. Andy's behavior of answering questions in class is referred to as _______________ behavior.
Mary takes out the garbage and, as a result, her parents let her watch her favorite television show. Mary is then more likely to take out the garbage when asked. Being able to watch her favorite television show is a _______________ for her behavior of taking out the garbage.
What processes strengthen behavior?
Tommy pets a strange dog and is immediately bitten. In behavior modification, getting bitten is referred to as the _______________ for the behavior of petting the dog.
Barry throws the football into the stands after scoring a touchdown, and is cheered by the fans. As a result, Barry is more likely to throw the ball into the stands whenever he scores a touchdown. This is an example of:
Timmy swears whenever his mom makes broccoli for dinner. Timmy's mom always sends him to his room without dinner when he swears. As a result, Timmy is more likely to swear when his mom makes broccoli. This is an example of:
An object or event that can be detached by the senses is referred to as a:
The stimulus presented following the behavior in positive reinforcement is called:
The stimulus removed or avoided following the behavior in negative reinforcement is referred to as the _______________ stimulus.
In which of the following processes is the behavior more likely to occur in the future?
In behavior modification, reinforcement is defined by its effect in behavior. This is referred to as:
What are questions to ask when trying to decide whether a situation represents positive or negative reinforcement?
-What is the behavior?
-Was the stimulus added or removed?
-Was the behavior more likely to occur
Andrew wants to play baseball with his friends. Before Andrew can play, his parents tell him that he has to clean his room, which he hates to do. Requiring Andrew to clean his room before he can play baseball with his friends is an example of:
The Premack Principle
On weekends, Laura comes home on time so that she is not grounded by her parents. Coming home on time in order to avoid being grounded is an example of:
Whenever Matt's basketball coach yells at him for missing a lay up in practice, Matt leaves the gym. Matt's behavior of leaving the gym to get away from his coach is an example of:
What are exampled of unconditioned reinforcers?
-Escape from extreme heat
Money is an example of a(n):
Which of the following influences the effectiveness of reinforcement?
Whenever Tony puts money into a pop machine, he gets a can of pop. Tony never gets pop out of the machine when he doesn't put money in. This is an example of _______________ existing between putting money in the machine and getting pop out.
Beth has been hiking in the desert all day, as a result, is dying for a glass of water. The increase in the reinforcing value of water due to hiking in the desert is referred to as:
John just ate a big Thanksgiving dinner. When John is offered a piece of his favorite pie he declines. The decrease in the reinforcing value of pie for John is an example of:
Which of the following is considered a characteristic of the consequence in reinforcement?
-Different reinforcers work for different people
-Larger reinforcers are generally more effective
Nicole's teacher praises her for every math problem that she completes. This is an example of a(n) _______________ reinforcement schedule.
Tim is just learning to read. Which reinforcement schedule would be the most effective for him?
An intermittent schedule of reinforcement is most effective for _______________ a behavior.
Tom's supervisor tells him that for every 10 cars Tom sells he will get a $500 bonus. This is an example of a _______________ reinforcement schedule.
A telemarketer has to make a certain number of calls before a sale is made. However, the telemarketer does not know the exact number of calls that will be required in order to make a sale. This is an example of:
In a _______________ reinforcement schedule the reinforcer is delivered for the first response following an average period of time.
Which schedule of reinforcement produces high, steady rates of responding with very little interruption after delivery of the reinforcer.
All the reinforcement schedules that are competing for control over a person's behavior at one time are referred to as _______________ schedules of reinforcement.
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