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Antin Chapter 15
Terms in this set (61)
is estimated that ________ people died of plague in Western Europe between 1347 and 1351.
Between the years 1300 and 1450, due to the combined effects of plague, famine and warfare, the total population of Europe declined by about ______ to ______ of its original numbers.
1/2 to 2/3
There were three important and long-lasting effects of the radical depopulation of Europe. These were:
decline in feudalism, expansion of manufacturing, increase in importance of towns and cities
In the year 1347, Italian traders returning to Genoa, from an outpost called Caffa on the Black Sea, brought more than trade goods to Europe. What else did they bring?
Under the manorial system of agriculture, peasant laborers called _________ worked the fields for their wealthy masters, in exchange for protection and a share of the crops they raised.
During plague times, religious extremists called ____________________ traveled from town to town, preaching and publicly whipping one another.
Fasting and making pilgrimages to holy shrines are called Acts of _____________ and were commonplace activities in plague times. Such acts of religious devotion were believed to help purify the soul of its sins.
throughout history, people experiencing extreme hardships have often searched for someone to blame for their difficulties. During the plague years, ___________ were often blamed for the spread of the disease.
Today, the plague is not the menace it was during the Middle Ages because it can be treated with __________________.
Before, during, and after the plague years, a war called the_______________________raged between ______________ and _______________.
100 year wars, 1337-1453
Europe is a ______________.
Waterways like the English _____________and wide rivers like the Rhine also kept people separated, so different cultures could develop.
The Visigoths in ___________ and the Ostrogoths in ___________ adopted Roman ways because they were close to the center of the old Roman Empire.
In the early A.D. 400s, the Angles and Saxons invaded Britain from Denmark and Germany and became the ________________.
The _____________were a Germanic people living in the area that is
____________ _____________ was a Frankish mayor who wanted to control all the nobles.
__________, Charles Martel's son, became mayor after Martel's death. He and his army defeated a Germanic group, the ________________, who threatened the pope.
Pepin donated the land he acquired to the pope. These lands became the ____________ ____________.
Pepin's son ____________continued to defend the pope. He earned the name _________________.
The pope crowned him the new ____________ emperor.
____________ was the capital of this empire.
______________________ is a country in northern Europe and was the home of the Viking people, who were skilled sailors.
The Vikings raided Europe and conquered part of western France called ___________________.
The three kingdoms of France were destroyed by raids, and the eastern kingdom became ________________.
___________ was a powerful German king who fought the Magyars and protected the pope. The pope rewarded him by making him emperor of the Romans.
This territory became known as the __________ Roman Empire.
A priest named ______________ traveled to Ireland to spread the message of Christianity.
____________ _____________ ____________ was pope from A.D. 590 until A.D. 604. He asked monks to become missionaries, people who are sent out to teach their religion and spread Christianity.
Gregory the Great
Gregory VII was elected pope. He issued a decree forbidding kings from appointing high-ranking Church officials. _____________ ________. the Holy Roman Emperor, refused to obey.
. Henry declared that Gregory was no longer pope. Gregory _______________ Henry, excluding him from church membership.
A new emperor and a new pope made an agreement called the ______________ of _____________. They agreed that only the pope could choose bishops, and only the emperor could give jobs in government.
Concordat of Worms
Give three duties of monks during the Middle Ages.
Provided Food and rest to travelers
Offered hospital care for the sick
Under the system known as _______________, landowning nobles governed and protected the people in return for services.
A _________________ was a noble who served a lord of a higher rank.
The land granted to a vassal was called a _______________.
______________ were vassals who fought in war on horseback. They wore coats of armor.
_____________ were called manors.
Most peasants were _____________, which meant they could not leave the manor, own property, or marry without the lord's approval.
Give three types of new technology that increased crop productivity in the Middle Ages.
Heavy wheeled plow with an iron blade
Rotating crops on three fields instead of two
Alfred the Great united the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms and drove the Viking invaders out. This kingdom became ___________________, or England.
Normandy was an area in western France ruled by William, William invaded England. He defeated the English and became king. He was known as William the ___________________.
William ordered a census called the _________________ _________________. It counted people, manors, and animals in England.
Nobles met with King John and forced him to sign the __________ _____________ which took away some of the king's powers and helped establish people's rights and limited Government
Magna carta/Great Charter
In the 1200s, King Edward I gathered representatives from across England to advise him and help him make laws. This gathering was called the _______________. This was eventually divided into two houses, the House of ________________ and the House of ___________________.
Parliament, Lords, Commons
Vikings moved into __________ territory and eventually took power from them. They called the Viking rulers the ___________.
Thousands of European soldiers captured Jerusalem in the ______ Crusade, conquering lands along the way.
What was the result of the Second Crusade?
Jerusalem being captured
What was the result of the third Crusade?
What was the result of the other Crusades?
Muslims conquered all of the territory they had lost to the first crusade
People built large churches, called cathedrals. Two popular architectural styles of that time are called __________________ and
_______________ was the language of educated people in Europe during the Middle Ages.
Everyday languages of local people were called ____________________.
Francis of __________________ founded the first order of friars, who became known as ____________________.
In the Catholic Church, _____________ were holy men and women who had died.
The Catholic Church tried to end _______________, or religious beliefs that conflict with Church teachings, by establishing a court called the
The _________________Years' War began after Edward III angered the French by declaring himself king of France.
A French peasant girl fought with the French army during the Hundred Years' War. She became known as _______________ of ______________.
Joan of arc
How was she executed?
burned at stake
The civil war in England was called the War of the ____________.
The _______________________was the Christians' struggle to retake Spain and Portugal.
_____________ and ________________became king and queen of Spain and began the ______________ Inquisition
Ferdinand of Aragon, Isabella of Castile, Spanish
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