Clin Path 1 final review-2
Terms in this set (60)
T/F: Alterations in size, shape, or cytoplasm should always be noted in the laboratory evaluation of RBC's
cells vary in size. normally will be seen in cow blood
unorganized clustering of cells (usually associated with immune diseases)
cells stack up in a linear formation due to charges on the membrane. common in horses.
abnormally shaped red cells. normal in goats and young cattle.
burr cells, staining, EDTA, pig
spiculated echinocytes are refered to as _____ ______ and are usually artifacts from _______ or ______. This is
common in _____ blood smears
look like crenated cells due to irregularly spaced spicules that vary in size
seen in liver disease, hemangiosarcoma, DIC, and nephritis
Leptocytes or target cells (codocytes)
look likes a doughnut
leptocytes that have a stoma (mouth appearance).
Commonly called blister, helmet, or bite cells. has a portion removed.
cells swollen, thickened, rounded. Appear smaller than normal cells and stain densely
irregular red cell fragment due to mechanical damage to the cell membrane. Variations in color
polychromatic cells are
reticulocytes that appear as bluish-red cells in normally stained blood smears
normal in dogs, cats, pigs
abnormal in horses, cattle, goats
cells stain lightly due to decreased hemoglobin content
Fish, birds, and reptiles
regenerative, lead, neoplasia, heart
Nucleated red blood cells are abnormal in all but _____, ______, and _______. They are often associated with _______ anemia, _________ poisoning, ______, ______disease, or trauma.
spherical nuclear remnants that stain dark blue
these appear in the cytoplasm as single small, round and dark blue
Heinz Bodies or erythrocyte refractile bodies
small, irregular, refractile inclusions bulging from the surface.
denatured hemoglobin associated with oxidative damage
normal in cats in 5% of RBCs. increased amounts indicate lymphosarcoma, hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, spleen
blue staining punctate inclusions
common in regenerative anemias in ruminants
seen in lead poisoning
What are the two types of reticylocyte counts?
reticulum occurs in clumps
aggregate reticulocytes are
reticulum occurs as small, individual inclusions
cats will have 1-10% _____ retics normally
response to anemia
an elevated reticulocyte count indicates
larger, blueish red, blue-black
On routine staining, retics appear slightly ______than mature red cells and stain a ___-_____
When stained with new methylene blue the reticulum stains ___-______
3. Basophilic rubricyte
4. polychromatophilic rubricyte
What are the 6 phases of erythrocytes?
Which white blood cells are granulocytes? remember, Phil eats Granola.
Which white blood cells are agranulocytes? Remember,
What are the neutrophils of Rabbits, birds, amphibians and reptiles called?
What percent of canine blood is neutrophils?
What percent of feline blood is neutrophils?
What percent of Equine blood is neutrophils?
What percent of Bovine blood is neutrophils?
What percent of Caprine blood is neutrophils?
5-8.5 X 10 to 6/mcl
normal RBC of canine
6-15 X 10 to 3/mcl
Normal WBC of canine
Normal PCV of canine
Normal Hgb of canine
5-10 X 10 to 6/mcl
Normal RBC of feline
5.5-9.5 X 10 to 3/mcl
Normal WBC of Feline
Normal PCV of feline
Normal Hgb o Feline
5.5-12.5 X 10 to 6/mcl
Normal RBC of equine
5.5-12.5 X 10 to 3/mcl
Normal WBC of equine
Normal PCV of equine
Normal Hgb of Equine
5-10 X 10 to 6/mcl
Normal RBC of bovine
4-12 X 10 to 3/mcl
Normal WBC of bovine
Normal PCV of bovine
Normal Hgb of Bovine