US history EOC study guide
Terms in this set (91)
Founded Hull House in Chicago to help poor immigrants, part of social reform movements.
Susan B. Anthony
Advocated for women's suffrage
Awarded several top military honors in WW2, including the Medal of Honor
Awarded the Medal of Honor for saving fellow soldiers in Vietnam War
The Black Panthers
Radical group in the 1960's who advocated armed self-defense and revolution to end black oppression. More militant than MLK and other civil rights leaders but also established daycare centers, medical clinics, etc...
Commanded 1st US Army during D-day invasion, lead liberation of Paris, won the Battle of the Bulge
William Jennings Bryan
Important political of the time, supported prohibition, women's rights, income tax. Gave famous "Cross of Gold" speech attaching tariffs. Prosecuted John Scopes in the "Monkey Trial" for teaching evolution.
Accumulated huge wealthy in the railroad and steel industry, used the Bessemer process to create steel. Developed "Gospel of Wealth" doctrine in which he believed it was the duty of the wealthy to use their money to improve the conditions for all.
Founding father. Signed the Declaration of Independence.
Fought discrimination against migrant workers and Hispanics. founded the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee union.
42nd president. Democrat. Impeached. Acquitted by the senate.
First Lady of president Bill Clinton. Only First Lady to be elected to a position in the US government after being First Lady. Came the closest to winning a presidential nomination of any woman in history. Served as Secretary of State under President Obama.
"Father of Naval Aviation" and "founder of the American Aircraft Industry"
Famous defense attorney. Most famous for defending science teacher John Scopes for teaching evolution in his biology class in TN.
Alexis de Tocqueville
French political thinker and historian who came to the US to study our political and social nature. Identified 5 characteristics that sets Americans apart: liberty, egalitarianism, individualism, populism, laissez-faire.
Negotiated the annexation of Hawaii to the US aim 1898.
Early civil rights leader. Published "The souls of Black Folks" in 1903 and helped found the NAACP in 1909. Advocated for pan-africanism, eventually left NAACP and believed in black separatism.
34th president. Served in WW2 as a commander of Allied Forces in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy. Promoted to general after D Day. Created the interstate Highway system as president.
Governor of Arkansas who supported segregation. Used Arkansas National Guard to prevent students from integrating Little Rock High School. President Eisenhower sent army troops to enforce court ordered desegregation and to protect the first 9 African American students.
The Flying Tigers
Americans who volunteered to serve as pilots fighting the Japanese in China prior to the US entering the war.
Founder of Ford motors. Auto industry. Assembly line. Model T and model A cars.
Wrote the feminine mystic, co-founded NOW (national organization of women)
Hector P. Garcia
Mexican American physician and civil rights advocate.
Publisher, journalist, and black nationalist; founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League
Bill Gates (and Steve Jobs)
Developed a small software business in his garage that eventually employed numerous Americans and set the standard in computer software.
US Senator from Arizona (1953-1965, 1969-1987) and the Republican Party's nominee for President in the 1964 election, retired from the Senate in the mid 1980s - considered one of the founders of the modern Conservative movement.
A powerful evangelical preacher
Representative from Massachusetts; president of the Continental Congress in 1775; first to sign Declaration of Independence.
President in the 1920s.
Advocate and lobbyist for Farmworkers' rights
Representative from New York at the Continental Congresses; signer of the Declaration of Independence; helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris 1783
Founder of television network BET (black entertainment television)
John F. Kennedy
President during the 1960s. Cuban middle crisis. Cold War issues with the Soviet Unions. Assassinated in 1963.
Leader of the Civil Rights Movement; nonviolent; and demanded equal rights for African Americans
Listed as one of times most influential business people in 1998, developed a world renowned beauty company.
Charles A. Lindbergh
First solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean
Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr.
Supported American expansion
Commander of the U.S. Army in the Pacific in WW2
Governor of Georgia; former restaurant owner who refused to serve African Americans
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Historian and author of a book on the importance of the navy to a country's power
Chief if staff that coordinated the war effort from Washington D.C. in WW2
Distinguished lawyer; appointed to the US Supreme Court (1967) and established a record for supporting the voiceless American
Senator after whom the term "McCarthyism" is named. The fear of communism increased throughout the 1950s. In 1950 he announced that communists worked in the State Department. He worked to identify known communists and accused others based on association.
John Peter Muhlenberg
Clergyman; soldier during Colonial, revolutionary, and Post- revolutionary eras in Pennsylvania; elected to the first US Congress
Navajo Code Talkers
Navajo American Indians were recruited by the military to encode, transmit, and decode messages; the Navajo language was used to develop a code that was not broken by the enemy in WW2
President in the 1970s. Helped the US withdraw from Vietnam and improved relations with China, but resigned Presidency after the Watergate scandal
Commander of the US Navy and Allied land and sea forces in the Pacific in WW2
First African American president of the US, elected 2008
Sandra Day O'Conner
First woman to be appointed to the Supreme Court (1981)
African American civil rights activist; in Montgomery, Alabama (1955), refused to give up her seat on the city bus for a white man; led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Colorful and celebrated tank commander for the third armored division who spearheaded the final attack into Germany in WW2
General John J. Pershing
Commander of the American Expeditionary Forces in WW1
President in the 1980s- grew US economy through "reaganomics," influenced the end of the Cold War, advocated for a strong military to deter aggression against the US
"Rough Rider" during the Spanish American War; expansionist polices as President increased the US role in Latin America and he World; reasserted the Monroe Doctrine
First Lady, appointed by President Truman as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly and became the first chairperson of the preliminary United Nations Commission on Human Rights
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President during the Great Depression and WW2. Famous for "New Deal" recovery program which helped alleviate the Great Depression and expanded the role of government. Said 12/7/41 is a "day which will live in infamy"
From Pennsylvania; treasurer of the US Mint from 1797-1813; physician, writer, educator, founding father; signed Declaration of Independence and attended Continental Congress
A political conservative known for her anti-feminism and campaign against the Equal Rights Amendment; she believed you could be a mother and have a career too; wrote/co-authored several books
Author; wrote The Jungle which exposed the conditions in the US meat packing industry, causing a public uproar and leading to the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act
Founder of the largest Hispanic advertising agency in Tx
First Hispanic to serve on the Supreme Court, nominated by President Obama
As President, ended segregation in the military. Proposed his "fair deal" including full-employment and fair-employment-practices bills, federal control of the unemployment compensation program, a large housing program, and the development of natural resources. When he attended the Potsdam conference at the end of WW2, he became suspicious of the soviet intentions under Stalin.
Jonathan Trumbull, Sr.
The only colonial governor who supported the American cause/side in the Revolution
The Tuskegee Airmen
Determined young men who enlisted to become America's first black military aviators at a time when the US military still practiced racial segregation. They participated in over 15,000 sorties and earned over 100 Flying Crosses
Governor of Alabama; ran for US President four times; fierce pro-segregationist; quote from his inaugural address, "I say segregation today, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever"
Small-town general store owner who believed he could bring important goods to rural America. His store Walmart is now known as an industry leader in supply chain operations and brings low prices and common goods to communities across the world
Ida B. Wells
American reformer and leader in the anti-lynching crusade and women's suffrage movement
Suffragette and member of the WCTU (Women's Christian Temperance Union)
Supervising producer and host of the top-rated, award-winning The Oprah Winfrey Show for two decades. She is a global media leader and philanthropist
Active clergyman; New Jersey representative that signed the Declaration of Independence; later President if modern Princeton University
Was the most decorated American Soldier in WW1. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest, taking 32 machine guns, killing 28 German soldiers and capturing 132 others. This action occurred during the US- led portion of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive in France
Westward Expansion and the gilded age (increasing urbanization and industrialization. Immigration increases. Political corruption and political machines. Labor unions begin.)
Progressive era (protections against abuses, corruption, and waste. Prohibition. Women's suffrage)
Rise to world power
WW1 (US enters in 1917)
Spanish- American war
Economic imperialism. Panama Canal. League of Nations.
The roaring twenties (isolationism and nativism, fear of immigration. Red scare. Social Darwinism and eugenics. Jazz age. Flappers and changing roles of women. Consumer boom)
Great Depression. Dust bowl. New deal.
Stock-market crashes, beginning Great Depression.
WW2 (US enters in 1941, after attack on Pearl Harbor)
The Cold War (McCarthyism. HUAC. Berlin Wall. Domino theory. Korean War. Vietnam War)
Sputnik launches, igniting the US Soviet Space Race
End of the Cold War
The civil rights movement. Civil rights acts of 57 and 64. Voting rights act of 65. Brown v. Board of Education
US lands on the moon
Reaganomics. Peace through strength. Conservative resurgence.
US involvement in world affairs. Persian gulf war. Balkans crisis.
Terrorists attack the World Trade Center and the pentagon
Barack Obama is elected first African American president