17 terms

POLS 2311 CH. 14

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Terms in this set (...)

Appeasement
the effort to forestall war by giving into the demands of a hostile power
bilateral treaties
treaties made between two nations
Bush Doctrine
foreign policy based on the idea that the United States should take preemptive action against threats to its national security
Cold War
the period of struggle between the United States and the former Soviet Union lasting from the late 1940s to about 1990
containment
a policy designed to curtail the political and military expansion
deterrence
the development and maintenance of military strength as a means of discouraging attack
diplomacy
the representation of government to foreign governments
executive agreements
an agreement, made between the president and another country, that has the force of treaty but does not require the Senate's "advice and consent"
General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
international trade organization, in existence from 1947 to 1995, that set many rules governing international trade
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
an institution established in 1944 that provides loans and facilitates international monetary exchange
isolationism
avoidance of involvement in the affairs of other nations
nation-states
political entities consisting of people with some common cultural experience (nation) who also share a common political authority (state), recognized by other sovereignties (nation-states)
non-state actors
groups other than nation-states that attempt to play a role in the international system; terrorist groups are one type of non-state actor
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
trade treaty among the United States, Canada, and Mexico to lower and eliminate tariffs among the three countries
preventive war
policy of striking first when a nation fears that a foreign foe is contemplating hostile action
United Nations (UN)
an organization of nations founded in 1945 to be channel for negotiation and a means of settling international disputes peaceably; the UN has had frequent successes in providing a forum for negotiation and on some occasions a means of preventing international conflicts from spreading; on a number occasions, the UN has supported U.S. foreign policy goals
World Trade Organization (WTO)
international organization promoting free trade that grew out of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade