Terms in this set (53)
What line body cavities and passageways, cover internal organs, form inner lining of heart, inner lining of blood vessels, and inner lining of lymph vessels?
What are the two types of epithelial membranes?
body cavities that open to the exterior
What do mucous membranes line?
Which type of membrane lines body cavities that open to the exterior?
mouth, nose, digestive tract, respiratory tract, excretory tract, urinary tract, reproductive tracts
Where is mucous membranes found? (7)
What kind of membrane is found in the mouth, nasal cavity, and inner lining of digestive, respiratory, excretory, urinary, and reproductive tracts?
simple squamous, stratified cuboidal
What types of cells are NOt found in mucous membranes? (2)
What do goblet cells do?
epithelium to connective tissue
What does the basement membrane connect?
What connects epithelium to connective tissue?
epithelium, goblet cells, basement membrane, loose areolar tissue, smooth or skeletal muscle
What is mucous membrane made up of? (5)
protection, absorption, secretion
What is the functions of mucous membrane? (3)
mouth, nostrils, urethral meatus, anus, vaginal orifice
What are the continuities with skin at body orifices in mucous membranes? (5)
Which type of membrane is continuous with the mouth, nostrils, urethral meatus, anus, vaginal orifice?
close body cavities
What do serous membranes line?
Which membranes do not open to the ouside?
inner lining of heart, blood vessels, lymph vessels
What do serious membranes form? (3)
thoracic, pericardial, abdominopelvic
What closed body cavities are lined with serous membrane? (3)
Where is the thoracic cavity located?
What are found in the thoracic cavity? (2)
heart, major blood vessels, trachea, esophagus
What does the mediastinum contain? (4)
What does the pericardial cavity contain?
pleurae, pericardium, peritoneum
What are the three types of serous membrane?
Where is pleurae found?
What type of serous membrane is found in thoracic cavity?
inner surface of thoracic cavity
Where is parietal pleura found?
What type of membrane is found lining the inner surface of thoracic cavity?
outer surface of lungs
Where is visceral pleura found?
What type of membrane is found covering the outer surface of lungs?
Where is pericardium found?
Which type of serous membrane is associated with the heart?
pericardial sac surrounding the heart
Where is parietal pericardium found?
What type of membrane makes up the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart
outer surface of heart
Where is visceral pericardium found?
What is the visceral pericardium also called?
What is the epicardium also known as?
What type of membrane covers the outer surface of heart?
What is peritoneum associated with?
walls of abdominopelvic cavity
Where is parietal peritoneum found?
What membrane is found lining the walls of the abdominopelvic cavity?
double layer parietal peritoneum membranes
What are mesenteries made of?
What connect internal organs to the wall of the abdomino-pelvic cavity?
kidneys, ureters, bladder, spleen, pancreas, duodenum, rectum, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes
What does the visceral peritoneum NOT cover? (10)
What serous membrane covers most organs of the abdomino-pelvic cavity except 10?
inner lining of heart and blood vessels
Where is serous membrane found besides the pleura, peritoneum, and pericardium regions?
simple squamous epithelium, basement membrane, loose areolar tissue, muscular layer
What is the composition of serous membranes? (4)
What do these components make up?: simple squamous epithelium, basement membrane, loose areolar tissue, and a muscular layer
protection, absorption, prevention of atelectasis, formation of mesenteries, prevention of intravascular blood clotting
What are the functions of serous membranes? (5)
What does the serous membrane protect organs from?
What does epithelium of serous membranes release?
lubricated surfaces of organs for less friction
What does the serous secretion do?
collapsing of lungs
What is atelectasis?
What does serous membranes help to form?