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20 terms

Psychologists Test 1

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William James
founder of psychology and functionalism; studied the purpose of mental processes in allowing people to adapt to their environment. scientific study.
Plato/Aristotle
Greek. Pondered how the mind works
Descartes
French philosopher. Mind and body fundamentally different.
Hobbes
Mind and body are the same
Paul Broca
Surgeon, mind associated with the brain. Broca's area.
Herman von Helmholtz
Measured the speed of nerve impulses.
Wilhelm Wundt
Structuralism, the analysis of the basic elements that constitute the mind. Founded first psych school.
Charles Darwin
Natural Selection. Evolutionist
G. Stanley Hall
Children develop as they pass through stages that repeat evolutionary history of humanity. Founded school in US.
Gestalt psychology
psychological approach that emphasizes that we often perceive the whole rather than the sum of the parts.
Sigmund Frued
psychoanalytic theory, bringing unconscious material into conscious awareness
Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow
pioneers of humanistic psychology, an approach to understanding human nature that emphasizes the positive potential of human beings
John Watson
founder of behaviorism, an approach that advocates the study of observable behavior. study of what people do. little albert
Ivan Pavlov
classical conditioning
B.F. Skinner
Behaviorist with emphasis on learning. Operant or instrumental conditioning
Jean Piaget
Cognitive psychologist. Child development in mental stages.
Noam Chomsky
Linguist and pioneer of cognitive psychology. Devastating critique of Skinner's book. Language acquisition device.
Sir Fredric Bartlett and Kurt Lewin
Cognitive psychologists
Benjamin Whorf
Linguistic relativity hypothesis. The language we speak shapes our perception of the world.
Thorndike
Law of effect