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Terms in this set (64)
The use of drugs and alcohol are not permitted at a powwow.
While drums are not always made through the same ceremonial process that occurred traditionally, the drum is almost always blessed before its first performance.
M.C. stands for the Master of Culture.
Northern Plains drums are usually larger than that of Southern Plains drums.
Maggie White was a member of the Whitefish Bay Ojibwe and is credited with being the creator of the Fancy Shawl dance.
Once everyone has entered the arena, _______________will occur.
a Flag Song, an Invocation/Prayer, a Veterans' Song, and the Posting of Colors
The three powwow drumbeats discussed in the textbook are________.
Straight, Round, and Ruffle
emphasized or accentuated drum beats usually played with in increase in dynamic volume.
a way to translate the auditory nature of music and make a visual or textual representation. This acts as the song's blueprint showing important sections and changing to the music.
song or musical story
a place for people to come together, celebrate their indigenous heritage, dance, meet new people, and socialize.
elaborate dance outfits that are unique to each dancer and represent tribal, and/or ancestral histories.
the unique, specialized, and individualist dance motions performed by powwow dancers.
part of Fancy Dance and Northern Traditional male dance regalia, worn on their backs and are either U or circular shaped constructed with feathers.
Because of the popularity and widespread availability of purchasing block-style, also referred to as plains-style, Native American flutes, this particular construction has become known as the Native American flute
Doc Tate Nevaquaya's album Changes featured traditional-style solo flute songs and techniques.
Bacone College (formerly known as the University of Central Oklahoma) is a private liberal arts college in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
A traditional Totonac performance of La Danza de los Voladores features five performers, wearing fancy dance and other powwow regalia.
Because of the popularity and widespread availability of purchasing rim-blown flutes, this particular construction has become known as the Native American flute.
Native American musical performances featuring the flute range from ceremonial or spiritual purposes to courting, from entertainment to signaling important information.
Kokopelli is a hunchback flute player often seen throughout Canada.
Belo Cozad was a Kiowa flute maker, player, and teacher that inspired many young musicians throughout his life.
Bacone College (formerly known as Bacone Indian University) is a private liberal arts college in Muskogee, Oklahoma.
Many flute songs will imitate or pay homage to birdcalls and other natural sounds.
_______was a prolific Comanche painter and flutist whose 1979 Smithsonian Folkways Recordings became the foundational album for the Native American flute revitalization movement.
Doc Tate Nevaquaya
There are many different versions of the Native American flute origin story, but the version included in class (Love Flute) was told by ___________
The block is one of the most distinguishing features on the__________.
Native American Flute
Some Native American flute origin stories tell of a bird, usually a ___________, constructing the holes of the flute so that when the wind blew through the branch it would sing
________is also a world-renowned hoop dancer, storyteller, and educator.
The term _______refers to both the place where the Stomp dances are held (outdoors in a cleared field with a sacred fire in the middle of the dance area), and to the people themselves, who refer to each other as members of a particular ________.
The author of "Stomp dance and the Green Corn religion of the Eastern Woodland tribes in Oklahoma" used _______as a major resource in her paper.
The Stomp dance movement is comprised of three types of steps:
a natural walk
a flat-footed "stomp"
a flat-footed hopping or jumping in place
The traditional homelands of the Muscogee are the modern states of
Georgia and Alabama
Muscogee Creek Hymns are influenced by American Indian, Anglo-Scot, and American-African musical traditions.
A horn is blown four long times about 15 minutes before the service to let people know church is about to start, and also immediately before a service begins.
The Muscogee people were removed from their traditional homelands in the 1830s.
A clarinet is blown four long times about 15 minutes before the service to let people know church is about to start, and also immediately before a service begins.
After listening to both musical examples, provide musical characteristics that they both have in common.
female and male singers
harmony is used
The idiophones heard in this example are
Turtle Shell Leg Rattles
This audio example has elements of call and response.
The name of this song is
This song is sung a cappella.
most powwows prohibit the use of photography or filming.
Regalia, instruments, and equip- ment should never be touched without permission.
In the Southern Plains, ___________ might precede any official events.
The powwow officially begins when the ______ encourages all participants to line up and calls for the Grand Entry to begin.
The Host Drum provides music for the Grand Entry.
Northern Plains Style
High to middle vocal range
Lots of vocal tension
Lots of wide vibrato
the honor beats occur within the second half of the secondary verse, and can consist of anywhere from three to twelve accented beats.
Southern Plains Style
Middle to low vocal range
Some to no vocal tension
Some to no vibrato
the honor beats occur at the end of the primary verse and before the secondary verse. In southern-style powwow songs, the honor beats are always in groups of three.
group of accented beats that occur during the performance of a powwow song.
most contest powwows welcome everyone to experience the culture.
Evenly placed drum beats. Each beat is the same distance from the one before it and the one after it. If you have musical training, you may be tempted to assume that this represents quarter notes in 4/4 or common time—don't! Resist the urge to apply Western classical meters to non-Western mu
A longbeat followed by a short beat, with a heavy accent on the short beat.
Each singer (remember, these are people playing the drum) begins beating the drum as fast as possible. Each person plays individualistically, beating as fast as possible while varying the dynamic level of their strokes. Songs that include a ruffle beat will switch back and forth between a straight beat and a ruffle beat
Kiowa drum group
Contest songs usually end with a
The lyrics of both Northern and Southern Plains powwow songs are comprised either of vocables, or a combination of
vocables and text
s a lot of tension in the voice of the singer. This is a trained style of singing called
La Danza de los Voladores
(Dance of the Flyers)
is similar to wide vibrato, in that the player quickly vacillates between two different pitches. This is usually done on the lowest note on the flute, but can be played on other pitches as well.
a painter and leading academic in American Indian art, W
blending the flute and other traditional cultural elements into their music.
Buddy Red Bow
Oglala Lakota actor, musician, and activist
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