Upgrade to remove ads
history 201 final Dr. Mai
Terms in this set (219)
advocates of limited government who were troubled by the expansive domestic policies of Washington's administration and opposed the Federalists
Report of Manufactures
addressed the need to raise revenue to pay the interest of the national debt
A person who advocates for the ratification of the Constitution and supports a system of government in which several states unite under a central authority.
led the charge for a new United States Constitution; founder of the financial system
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution, which guarantee individual rights
the practice of capturing sailors and forcing them into military service
the U.S. purchase of the large territory of Louisiana from France in 1803
Revolution of 1800
the peaceful transfer of power from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans with the election of 1800
report on public credit
the first of three reports not the fiscal and economic policy submitted by Alexander Hamiltion
first bank of the united states
The president, directors, and company of the bank of the United States, was a national bank chartered for a term of 20 years by the US Congress on feb 25th 1791
Francis C. Lowell
New England Merchant and one of the founders of Boston Manufacturing Company
3rd president, chief drafter of Declaration of Independence, made the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 and sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore it 1743-1826
he French attempt to extract a bribe from the United States during the Quasi-War of 1798-1800
Marbury vs. Madison
the landmark 1803 case establishing the Supreme Court's powers of judicial review, specifically the power to review and possibly nullify actions of Congress and the president
a labor system whereby a merchant hired different families to perform specific tasks in a production process
the program of federally sponsored roads and canals, protective tariffs, and a national bank advocated by Henry Clay and enacted by President Adams
the term that Andrew Jackson's supporters applied to John Quincy Adams's 1824 election, which had occurred through the machinations of Henry Clay in the U.S. House of Representatives
Code of Deference
he practice of showing respect for individuals who had distinguished themselves through accomplishments or birth
This law prohibited American ships from leaving their ports until Britain and France stopped seizing them on the high seas.
battle of new orleans
On January 8, 1815 (despite the official end of the war), a force of battle-tested British veterans of the Napoleonic Wars attempted to take the port.
pro-war Republican favoring war with Great Britain
the alien and sedetation act
aimed to increase national security against what most had come to regard as the French menace
Quasi-War led Congress to pass several measures that in time undermined Federalist power. These 1798 war measures, known as the Alien and Sedition Acts,
president of 179 66th president; in favor of funding national research and he appointed Henry clay as his Secretary of State. During his presidency, the national Republicans were formed in support of him.
a period during the French Revolution characterized by extreme violence and the execution of numerous enemies of the revolutionary government, from 1793 through 1794
letters of marque
French warrants allowing ships and their crews to engage in piracy
citezen genet affair
the controversy over the French representative who tried to involve the United States in France's war against Great Britain
Farmers in the western counties of Pennsylvania produced whiskey from their grain for economic reasons.
which came about as a result of Jay's Treaty, improved U.S. relations with the Spanish and opened the Spanish port of New Orleans to American commerce.
war of 1812
A war between Great Britain and the US fought chiefly along the Canadian Border (1812-1814)
francis scott key
wrote the Star Spangled Banner
treaty of ghent
peace treaty that ended the War of 1812
was a British migrant who brought plans for English textile mills to the United States and built the nation's first successful water-powered mill in Pawtucket, Massachusetts (
rhode island system
families were hired. The father was placed in charge of the family unit, and he directed the labor of his wife and children. Instead of being paid in cash, the father was given "credit" equal to the extent of his family's labor that could be redeemed in the form of rent (of company-owned housing) or goods from the company-owned store.
breaking an artisanal production process into smaller steps that unskilled workers can perform
women who lived and worked under strict rules. Woke to a bell, worked 12-hour shifts in the mill where talking was forbidden, no drinking/swearing, and had to go to church on Sundays
Francis C. lowell
An american businessman for whom the city of lowell, massachusetts is named. He was instrumental in bringing the Industrial Revolution to the U.S.
labor theory of value
an economic theory holding that profits from the sale of the goods produced by workers should be equitably distributed to those workers
sites where prospective landowners could buy public land from the government
the race to obtain and settle land
"hard money" usually in the form of gold or silver coins
panic of 1819
prolonged economic depression
inventor of the cotton gin
inventor of the steam engine
inventor of the telegraph and Morse Code
Connected rural communities with cities in the North-East
A toll road, especially an expressway with toll gates
banker who formed a partnership with George Peabody called Peabody, Morgan& Co.
free moral agency
the freedom to change ones own life and bring ones own salvation
sunday school movement
where working class children learned read and write
opened the American Museum in New York City
universal manhood suffrage
voting rights for all male adults
7th president; successfully defended New Orleans from the British in 1815, expanded the power of presidency (1767-1845
all non-property owning white men
era of good feelings
1816-1825; a period in the political history of the U.S. That reflected a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars
New York's Republican faction under the leadership of Martin Van Buren
the political system of rewarding friends and supporters with political appointments
john quincy adams
6th president; in favor of funding national research and he appointed Henry clay as his Secretary of State. During his presidency, the national Republicans were formed in support of him.
United States politician responsible for the Missouri compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852)
john c calhoun
March 18, 1782 - March 31, 1850; democrat, anti federalist wants nation of farmers weak national government, and strong state of government
roatation in office
peggy eaton (petticoat) affair
division between the presidents team and the insider class in the nations capital
A group of unofficial advisers to the head of a government
martin Van bureen
eighth president of the united states
the theory, advocated in response to the tariff of 1828, that states could void federal law at their discretion.
second bank of the US
created to stabilize banking system
Bank President of the 2nd US bank; tried to recharger the bank, but Jackson kills it.
battle of gettysburg
Turning point of war that made it clear the North would win. 50,000 people died, and the South lost its chance to invade the North.
first battle of bull run
First "real" battle of the Civil War, it was expected by union officials to be short but ended up a confederate victory
the bank war
President Jackson's veto and removal of deposits of the Second Bank of America
panic of 1837
the result cotton prices plummeting
indian removal act
Indians removed from useful land coveted by the whites; relocated to undesirable land (Trail of Tears)
black hawks war
led by Sauk Chief Black Hawk, the Fox and the Sauk moved back across the Mississippi River to reclaim their ancestral homeland in Illinois.
alexis de tocqueville
who the French sent to the U.S. to report on American prison reforms.
william henry harrison
a "war hero" based on his 1811 military service against Shawnee Chief Tecumseh at the Battle of Tippecanoe
a non-existent all water passage across North America sought by European and American explorers
corps of discorvery
the group led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark on the expedition to explore and map the territory acquired in the Louisiana Purchase
Lewis and Clarks guide on their Expedition
adams onis treaty
A treaty between the US and Spain in 1819 that gave Florida to the U.S. And set out a boundary between the US and Mexico
unofficial military operations intended to seize land from foreign countries or torment revolution there
the capture of Nacogdoches by James Long and his men (Republic of Texas)
amendment proposed by representative James Tallmadge in 1819 that called for Missouri to be admitted as a free state for all slaves there to be emancipated
stephen F austin
Settled whites in Texas area
Mexican residents of Texas
a rebellion of colonists from the US and Tejanos in armed resistance to the central government of mexico
republic of fredonia
between the Sabine and the Rio Grande
gen. antonio lopez de santa anna
Mexicos president at the time of the Mexican-American War
Missouri Compromise (36^30')
an agreement that Congress reached in 1820 that allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state, brought to Maine as a slave state, and prohibited slavery north of 36^30' latitude
Jays Treaty (1794)
American ships would be allowed to trade freely in the West Indies
a political group that radically opposed what they viewed as the exploitation of workers
james k polk
slave holder from Tennessee, elected President because he vowed to annex Texas as a new slave state and take Oregon
Mexican residents in California
mexican american war
"Mexico has invaded our country and shed American blood on American soil" <--- set off the start of the Mexican American War
bear flag revolt
short-lived independence rebellion participated by American settlers in California's Sacramento Valley against mexican authorities.
treaty of guadalupe hildigo
Peace treaty signed that ended the Mexican-American war (1846-1848)
The lands west of the Rio Grande seceded to the US by Mexico in 1848 including California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and parts of Wyoming and Colorado.
california gold rush
James Marshall and John Sutter struck gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California causing settlers to move west to race for Gold
northern Democrats loyal to Martin Van Buren who opposed the extension of slavery into the territories and broke away from the main party when it nominated a pro-popular sovereignty candidate
General in the Mexican-American War and commander of all US forces
a term northerners used to describe the disproportionate influence that they felt elite southern slaveholders wielded in both domestic and international affairs
trickster rabbit who outwitted the antagonist/ story invented by slaves provided comfort in humor for the slaves.
Christian songs that were created by African Americans; imparted Christian values while still describing the hardships of slavery
he formal act of freeing from slavery
nat turners rebellion
slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, during August 1831, rebel slaves killed from 55-65 people, at least 51 were white
farmers who owned land (freehold, leasehold, or copy land)
an arranged engagement in combat between two people with matched weapons in accordance with agreed upon rules
a majority of a separate region (that would otherwise be in the minority of the nation) with the power to veto or disallow legislation put forward by a hostile majority
a southern writer of Society for the South, or the Failure for Free Society
secret diplomatic memo stating that if Spain refused to sell Cuba to the US, the US was justified in taking the island as a national security measure
reppublic of sonora
William Walkers conquered land in Mexico
general willliam walker
gained control of Central American nation of Nicaragua
ministers without a fixed congregation
charles grandison finney
african mthodist episcpal
The first independent black protestant church in the U.S.
the idea that blacks and whites come from different origins
second great awakening
a revival of evangelical Protestantism in the early nineteenth century
the belief that the Kingdom of God would be established on earth and that God would reign on earth for a thousand years characterized by harmony and Christian morality
Thousands of slaves joined together to overthrow the brutal system slavery' burned sugar plantations and killed the white planters
skilled, experienced worker who produces specialized goods by hand.
a political group that radically opposed what they viewed as the exploitation of workers.
American inventor and founder of McCormick Harvesting Machine company, which became part of international Harvester company in 1902
tariff of abominations
a federal tariff introduced in 1828 that placed a high duty on imported goods in order to help American manufacturers, which southerners viewed as unfair and harmful to their region.
A former political party in the US formed in 1834 in opposition to the Democratic Party; advocated a loose interpretation of the constitution and high protective tariffs.
five civilized tribes
The five tribes- Cherokee, seminole, creek, choctaw, and Chickasaw- who had most thoroughly adopted anglo-american culture; they also happened to be the tribes that were believed to stand in the way of western settlement in the south.
trail of tear s
All Indians east of the Mississippi River are hunted down and driven out with force.
log cabin campaign
the 1840 election, in which the Whigs painted William Henry Harrison as a man of the people.
second party system
the system in which the democratic and Whig parties were the two main political parties after the decline of the federalist and democratic-republican parties.
Maine enters the union as free state, Missouri enters as slave state
a person who brought new settlers to Texas in exchange for a grant of land.
A Mexican official who often served as combined civil administrator, judge, and law enforcement officer.
rebublic of texas
The republic of Texas was an independent sovereign nation in North America which existed from 3/2/1836 - 2/19/1846
an amendment to a revenue bill that would have barred slavery from all the territory acquired from Mexico
A former political party in the U.S. Formed in 1839 to oppose the practice of slavery, merged with the free soil party in 1848
free soil party
a political party that sought to exclude slavery from the western territories, leaving these areas open for settlement by white farmers and ensuring that white laborers would not have to compete with slaves
compromise of 1850
A package of 5 bills passed in the US in September 1850, which diffused a four-year confrontation between slave states and free states.
a term meaning "before the war" and used to describe the decades before the American Civil War began in 1861
A popular personification of the great staple production of the southern US
domestic slave trade
the trading of slaves within the borders of the United States
second middle passage
the internal forced migration of slaves to the South and West in the United States
that belief that all people can attain an understanding of the world that transcends rational, sensory experience
he stressing of stressed transformative individual religious experience or piety over religious rituals and formality
a religious sect that emphasized communal living and celibacy
the mapping of the mind to specific human attributes
complete abstinence from all alcohol
he mapping of the mind to specific human attributes
underground rail road
a network of free blacks and northern whites who helped slaves escape bondage through a series of designated routes and safe houses
kansas nebraska act
1854. Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska opening new lands for settlement and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers to decide if they would allow slavery within each territory
an antislavery political party formed in 1854 in response to Stephen Douglas's Kansas-Nebraska act
a reference to the violent clashes in Kansas between Free-Soilers and slavery supporters
a compromise, suggested by Kentucky senator John Crittenden, that would restore the 36°30′ line from the Missouri Compromise and extend it to the Pacific Ocean, allowing slavery to expand into the southwestern territories
first batte of bull run
First "real" battle of the Civil War, it was expected by union officials to be short but ended up a confederate victory
signed on January 1, 1863, the document with which President Lincoln transformed the Civil War into a struggle to end slavery
a speech by Abraham Lincoln dedicating the military cemetery at Gettysburg on November 19, 1863
Democrats who opposed Lincoln in the 1864 election
considered to herald a new age of human civilization
German religious society who encouraged celibacy and adhered to the socialist principle of holding all goods in common instead of separately
a perfectionist religious communal society founded by John Humphrey Neyes in 1848
latter day saints movement
collection of independent church groups that trace their origins to a Christian primitivist movement founded in the late 1820s
owenites ( robert owen)
those who dreamt of a more equitable world in the face of change brought on by industrialization
20,000 acre parcel in Indiana bought by Robert Owens
a special movement encouraging moderation or self-restraint in the consumption of alcoholic beverages
a presbyterian minister who lectured against the evils of strong drink. "Science of Human Life"- a diet of veggies, fruits, and spices, no alcohol, meat,or spices.
water cures for various ailments
african colonizatoin movement
The Underground Railroad project
william lyod garrison
leader of the abolitionist movement
The doctrine that calls for the abolition of slavery
an abolitionist technique of appealing to the consciousness of the public, especially slaveholders
the moral demand to take immediate action against slavery to bring about its end
published Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass, An American Slave Written by Himself.
combined the fight to end slavery with the struggle to achieve female equality
seneca falls convention
first american convention for women rights and the signing of the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments in 1848
People hold the final authority in all matters of government
women were uniquely qualified to take up the roles of educators of children
fugitive slave act
federal law that imposes heavy fines and prison sentences on northerners and midwesterners who aided fugitive slaves or refused to join posses to catch fugitives.
harriet peecher stowe
United States writer of a novel about slavery that advanced the abolitionists cause (1811-1896)
escaped slave who helped other slaves get free through the Underground Railroad
escaped slave from Virginia; abolitionists staged several demonstrations and confrontations for at the courthouse' he was later returned to Virginia by President Pierce.
Pro-slavery Missourians who traveled in armed groups to vote in Kansas election during the mid 1850s, in order to make it a pro-slavery government
guerrilla fighters (anti-slavery) who fought against the Border Ruffians (pro-slavery)
the second of four proposed constitutions for Kansas
he capital of the state of Kansas
Political organization that was created after the election of 1852 by the know-nothing's was organized to oppose the great wave of immigrants who entered the US after 1846
dred scot vs, standford
Supreme Court case supporting that slaves were considered property
lincoln douglas debates
1858 senate debate, Lincoln forced Douglas to debate issue of slavery. Douglas supported popular sovereignty, Lincoln asserted that slavery should not spread to territories, Lincoln emerged a strong republican candidate
radical southern secessionists
john browns raid
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry Virginia (1800-1859)
election of 1860
Lincoln, the republican candidate, won because the Democratic Party was split over slavery. As a result, the south no longer felt like it had a voice in politics and a number of states seceded from the union.
constitutional unioin party
Fourth party that ran against Republicans and Democrats
16th president; saved the union during the American civil war and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
confederate states of america
South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.
An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate states of America for its entire history from 1861-1865
siege of fort sumter
first battle of the civil war; April 12, 1861
robert e lee
American General who led the confederate armies in the American civil war (1807-1870)
A mountainous state of the east central United States known for its coal industry. Originally part of Virginia, it was admitted as the 35th state in 1863, after siding with the North in the Civil War.
Confederate general during the Civil War; best after Robert E. Lee
American army general put in charge of union troops and later removed by Lincoln for failure to press Lee's confederate troops in Richmond.
army of the potomac
the principal Union army in the Eastern Theater of the Civil War
battle of antietam
eptember 17 1862 near sharpsburg, Maryland and Antietam Creekc was the first major battle to take place on Union Soil. It's the bloodiest single day battle in America History. 22,717 dead, wounded and missing on both sides combined.
ambrose e burnside
Union Army General appointed by Lincoln
An outline strategy for subduing the seceding state in the civil war. Proposed by General in chief Winfield Scott, the plan emphasized the blockade of the southern ports and called for an advance down the Mississippi River to cut the south in two
a state of war in which government makes no distinction between military and civilian targets and mobilizes all resources extending its reach into all areas of citizen lives
the right of those arrested to be brought in front of a judge or a court to determine whether there is a cause to hold the prisoner.
Confederate efforts to use the importance of southern cotton to Britains textiles industry to persuade the British to support the confederacy in the civil war
Republican emphasis on free labor, rather than slave labor, also influenced the Land Grant College Act.
enrollment act of 1863
required all unmarried men ages 20-25 and all married men 35-45 and immigrants that applied for citizenship to register with the Union to fight the civil war
placed in charge of the Unions Army nurses
slaves that escaped to the Union Army's lines
confiscation act of 1861
Union could seize any proper, including slaves, used by the confederacy.
new york city draft riots
he poor were drafted disproportionately, and in New York in 1863, they rioted, killing 73 people
siege of viskburg
Turning point; union general Grant takes control of the Mississippi
shermans march to the sea
the scorched earth campaign employed in Georgia by Union general William Tecumseh Sherman
naval tactics preventing the Confederacy from trading
Where lee surrendered to Grant on April 9, 1865 thus ending the war between the states. Built 1846 and destroyed by fire in 1892.
Second Bank of America's Director
a period meaning "before the war" that was marked by economic growth
white slave owners acting in the slaves supposed "best interest"
African Colonization Movement
moving the African Americans out of the US, usually to Africa
formed out of the western Virginia area and given to the Union as a direct result of the civil war
where Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Grant bringing about the end of the civil war.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
US History Test 1 Textbook Questions
US- Ch. 2 Questions
HIS 110- CH 3 QUESTIONS
Midterm Vocabulary- History 201
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP US History Semester 1 (AF)
U.S. History 1013.11
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
HHP 331 test 1
224 Nutrition final spring 2018
physical science wei wei test 2
history 201-D midterm son mai spring 18'