Ap Psych Commulative Practice Test Chapters 1,2,3,7,8

The person responsible for establishing psychology as an independent discipline with its own subject matter
Wilhelm Wundt
Isabel is listening to a piece of classical music and tape recording all her feeling and impressions as she experiences them. Isabel is using a technique similar to the research methodology of
People resisted psychoanalysis mainly because of its emphasis on
unconscious motivation
Janet trained her dog to sit on command by following this behavior with a reward of a dog biscuit and praise. Janet use the principles of
The results from a recent study suggest that the cognitive perspective surpassed the behavioral perspective in influence sometime around
Professor Vasquez believes that nearly all psychological disorders can ultimately be traced to abnormalities in brain chemistry. Professor Vasquez's beliefs are most consistent with the
biological perspective
In trying to understand the psychology of addiction, Dr.Jackson focuses on the neurochemical changes that occur, Dr.Fong focuses on the consequences that people experience for their behavior , and Dr.Wenkle focuses on the cognitive processes that people use in choosing their actions. The different perspectives of these three professionals help to illustrate the underlying that
psychology is theoretically diverse
Which of the following is NOT a reason for psychology's theoretical diversity
Psychology lacks adequate objective data to support theory
The fact that your performance in this course will be affected by both personal and situational factors BEST supports which of the following
the multifactorial causation of behavior approach
The scientific method is designed to
counteract subjectivity
WWI & WWII stimultaed the growth of psychology as a profession. This influence illustrates which of the text books unifying themes?
Psychology evolves in a sociohistorical context
An operational defenition
describes the actions and procedures used to measure or control a variable
The experiment is a research method in which he investigator
manipulates a variable under carefully controlled conditions and observes whether there are changes in a second variable as a result
In a study designed to test the effects of a new drug developed to treat Alzheimer's disease, half the patients were given the actual drug while the other half of the patients where given a placebo (sugar pill). In this study the experiment group is
the group who received the actual drug
A variable, other than the independent variable, that appears to have influenced the dependent variable in a study is referred to as
An extraneous variable
The 2 basic types of statistics are
descriptive and inferrential
Dr.Hugo designs and experiment to test the effectiveness of a new antidepressant drug. Half the participants will receive the actual drug and half will receive a sugar ill, but neither the participants nor the researchers who administer the drug will know who is receiving the actual drug and who is receiving the placebo. In this case, Dr.Hugo has designed
a double-blind research study
Deception is used in some research in order to
help control for placebo effects
Robyn has just eaten a full meal and is now relaxing. Robyn's _______ is in primary control at this time
parasympathetic nervous system
Which of the following research techniques is LEAST likely to be used to study the human brain
The brain structure that controls unconscious but essential functions such as breathing and circulations is the
Which of the following brain structure is most closely associated with the regulation of emotion
limbic system
Much of the endocrine system is controlled by the nervous system through the
When one member of a gene pair is more influential, such that its trait is expressed over the trait of the other gene, it is said to be
Which of the following is determined at conception and fixed forever
Donavon was adopted at birth by Mr. and Mrs. Erndt. Although neither of his biological parents had much musical ability, Donavon has become an excellent pianist, just like Mr.Erndt. This information could be used as evidence to suggest that
Environmental factors have more influence than genetic factors in musical talent
_______ function in the endocrine system much like ______ in the nervous system
hormones; neurotransmitters
Several students are arguing over the actual year that the Berlin wall came down. Some of the students think it was in 1990, several think it was in 1991, and one student thinks it may have been 1988. Seth confidently tells them it was in November 1989, because it came down the same week he won a statewide spelling bee. This illustrates
self-referent enconing
In Serena's law class they are discussing high-profile cases, and when they get to the O.J Simpson case, Serena suddenly has a vivid memory of watching the whit Bronco driving slowly down the freeway. She feels like she can recall every detail of that night, right down to the snacks she and her roommate were eating. This would be an example of
flashbulb memories
Joel is asked to provide a description of his neighbor's car, after the car and the neighbor both disappear. He is surprised to find that he really can't accurately recall the make of the car, or any special details that might help in identifying the vehicle. In this case, Joel may experiencing
Brendan knows that her professor plans to give essay exams throughout the semester, so she prepares for the exam by thinking of questions that ask about key concepts and writing out answers to those questions. In this case, Brendan is trying to maximize her exam performance
through the use of transfer-appropriate processing
In language development, babbling refers to producing
a wide variety of phonemes and consonant-vowel combinations
The theories of language acquisition that focus on the development of neural circuits within the brain response to language experience are known as
emerginist theories
Marie recieved a puzzle as a present for her birthday. The puzzle has 3 pegs, and to solve the puzzle a person is required to move nine disks from the center peg to one of the outside pegs. However, only one disk can be moved at a time, and a larger disk can never be place on top of a smaller disk. Marie's puzzle is an example pf
Problem of transofrmation
The concept of field dependence-independence highlights the importance of _____ in determining problem-solving skills.
Cultural factors
Subjective probability refers to
a personal estimate of what the probability of an outcome is