Rock Cycle

rock cycle
the series of processes that change one type of rock into another type of rock
melting (rock)
Rocks are subducted into the mantel. This is the step right before the formation of igneous rocks.
crystallization (of rock)
The process by which liquid atoms cool to form a solid with an orderly, repeating pattern.
Chemical or physical process that breaks down rocks into smaller pieces called sediment.
Processes by which the bottom layers of sediment are pressed together to form a loosely held together rock.
the process in which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals or organic matter
A substance obtained by mining or digging in the earth that is chemical the same throughout with an orderly pattern.
matter cycling
Matter is constantly cycled between biotic and abiotic parts of the environment.
energy flow
The transfer of energy from one object (biotic or abiotic) to another.
deposition (of rocks)
Processes by which loose sediments settles in layers on the ground or at the bottom of large bodies of water.
weathering (of rocks)
Processes by which natural forces break down rocks into tiny pieces called sediment
Processes by which sediment is moved to another location (i.e. wind, water, glaciers)
sedimentary rock
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together.
igneous rock
A type of rock that forms when lava or magma cools and solidifies.
metamorphic rock
A type of rock that results when rock is subducted an existing rock being changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions.
volcanic eruptions
Events in which molten rock spews out from the mantle to the surface of Earth as ash, lava, and gases.
plate tectonics
A theory stating that the earth's surface is broken into plates that move.
Liquid rock that is found underground.
Liquid rock that is found on or above ground.
The force pushing on an area or surface.
radioactive decay
The breakdown of a radioactive element, releasing particles and energy.
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in contact
igneous extrusive
When lava cools on the exterior of earth. It cools quickly so crystals do not have time to form.
igneous intrusive
When magma cool in the interior or earth. It cools slowly so the crystals have time to become large.
sedimentary rock --?--> metamorphic rock
--heat and pressure-->
sediment --?--> sedimentary rock
--compaction/ cementation-->
metamorphic rock --?--> sediment
magma/lava --?--> igneous rock
igneous rock --?--> magma/lava
magma/lava --?--> metamorphic rock
(m/l -> mr)
metamorphic rock --?--> sedimentary rock
(mr -> sr)
sedimentary rock --?--> igneous rock
(sr -> ir)

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