29 terms

Argument Writing / Set 2 (9 Comp)

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Terms in this set (...)

hook
information that grabs the reader's attention in the introductory paragraph
anecdote
a brief, emphatic story used to draw the reader's attention
context
background information for the reader; found in the introductory paragraph
claim
the essay's central opinion or overall argument
thesis
the sentence that states the essay's central idea or main claim
topic
what the essay is about (also called the "subject")
argument
one major reason or idea that supports the thesis
evidence
any information that provides proof supporting an argument
call to action
urges readers to do something in response to the issue; found in the concluding paragraph
unity
when all of the ideas are directly related to the thesis
coherence
when the ideas and sentences flow smoothly and logically, making the writing easy to read
hook
another word for "lead"
introduction
paragraph housing the lead, context, and thesis
body
paragraphs supporting the thesis
conclusion
restates thesis, summarizes key points, calls reader to action
transition
a word or phrase that helps writers organize ideas and sentences
topic sentence
the sentence in the body paragraph that introduces one of the supporting points of the thesis statement
example
a type of supporting evidence that shows "how" something happens
fact
a type of supporting evidence that is "proven"
statistic
a type of supporting evidence that uses numbers
however
transition that signals the refutation
opposition
the opposing side/party with which we are arguing
organization
the logical arrangement of ideas and paragraphs
development
having substantial evidence to support the essay's thesis
revision
the process of improving a draft by adding, deleting, reordering, and replacing words, sentences, ideas, and even whole paragraphs. NOT EDITING!
editing
the process of correcting errors in order to prepare the document for reading or evaluation
redundancy
Ideas that are unnecessarily repeated create __________
focus
a precise thesis statement followed by precise topic sentences create ______
lead
another word for "hook"