AP Final - Poetry
Terms in this set (39)
Pace: pace is determined by the length of the scenes, how fast the action moves, and how quickly the reader is provided with information. It is also sometimes determined by the genre of the story.
Ex: Man He Killed - "I shot him dead because-- Because he was my foe...He thought he'd 'list, perhaps, Off-hand like--just as I-- Was out of work--had sold his traps-- No other reason why. "
Pace because the pauses creates a pace and puts an emphasis on his confusion and then his scattered thinking
literary tool, which serves as a lens through which readers observe characters, events, and happenings. Writers often mix different viewpoints between alternating characters, scenes and events to add depth, convey the theme, and differentiate the author from other authors.
Ex: Ethics - From "...caring little for pictures or old age/ we'd opt one year for life, the next for art/ and always half-heartedly" to "This fall in a real museum I stand/ before a real Rembrandt, old woman,/ or nearly so, myself. The colors within this frame are darker than autumn..."
Perspective because the switch in the perspective of the narrator from a little girl to a grown woman reveals the meaning of youth vs. maturity and inexperience vs. experience behind this poem.
literary technique in which writers employ two or more characters to be engaged in conversation with one another. In literature, it is a conversational passage, or a spoken or written exchange of conversation in a group, or between two persons directed towards a particular subject.
Ex: Is My Team Ploughing - "'And has she tired of weeping / As she lies down at eve?' / Your girl is well contented. / Be still, my lad, and sleep."
a) Rhetorical question
Dialogue because the central purpose of this poem is to tell the audience that, in the simplest of terms, life goes on, and death does not cause permanent disturbance in everyone's lives. This can be seen between the dialogue between the two men.
Two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit. Through couplets, poets compare striking images that emphasize themes, intensify emotions or contradict previous declarations
What do couplets use to leave an impression on the reader?
a) Changes in pace
c) Metaphors and similes
d) rhymes and rhythms
Rhymes and Rhytyms
literary device used to reference another object outside of the work of literature. The object can be a real or fictional person, event, quote, or other work of artistic expression
Ex: Terence, this is stupid stuff - " Why, if 'tis dancing you would be, / There's brisker pipes than poetry./ Say, for what/ were hop-yards meant,/ Or why was Burton built on Trent? / Oh many a peer of England brews"
Allusion because the poem refers to the town Burton, which was built on the River Trent in England. This town is known for it's brewery
figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that ends up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated
Ex: Rime of the Ancient Mariner - "When My Lover Swears that She is Made of Truth / I do believe her, though I know she lies"
Irony because the speaker believes this woman although he knows she is lying to him
a comparison showing similarity between two objects using "as" and "like"
Ex: There's Been a Death in the Opposite House
"A Window opens like a Pod — / Abrupt — mechanically —"
Simile because the word "like" is used to compare the similarities of a window and a pod
Smooth and pleasant sounding language
Ex: Sound and Sense - "And the smooth stream in smoother number flows"
Euphony because all the words flow, making the sentence smooth. Also, the topic is something gentle, so it's not being described with harsh, but smooth words
Harsh sounding words
Ex: Sound and Sense - "But when loud surges lash the sounding shore, the hoarse, rough verse should like the torrent roar, when Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to throw"
Cacophony because the words, such as "lash" and "torrent roar" are harsh sounding, and are also talking about something harsh (nothing pleasant and sweet)
recurrence of similar sounds, especially consonants, in close proximity
Ex: Spring in the Classroom
"So spring surrounded the classroom"
Consonance because of the repetition of the consonant "s"
when two or more words, close to one another repeat the same vowel sound, but start with different consonant sounds
Ex: Rime of the Ancient Mariner - "The ship was cheer'd, the harbour clear'd" (21-22)
Assonance because "cheer'd" and "clear'd" are close to one another and have the same vowel sound, but different consonants at the beginning
two or more words in a phrase or line of poetry share the same beginning sound. The words can be adjacent or can be separated by one or more words
Ex: A Noiseless, Patient Spider - "vacant vast...forth filament, filament, filament"
Alliteration because "vacant vast" share the same beginning sound and so does "forth, filament, filament, filament"
a figure of speech where two unrelated objects are compared to each other; uses "as if"
Ex: Introduction to Poetry - "I want them to waterski / across the surface of a poem / waving at the author's name on the shore"
Metaphor because the author is comparing two unlike objects: Water skiing and a poem
a literary device that repeats the same words or phrases a few times to make an idea clearer and more memorable
Ex: Rime of the Ancient Mariner - "Water, water, everywhere...Water, water, everywhere. Nor any drop to drink"
Repetition because the word "water" is repeated, showing how desperate the character needs water
style of speaking or writing determined by the choice of words by a speaker or a writer
author's attitude towards the subject manner or audience
giving objects, such as inanimate things or animals, qualities of a human
Ex: Prosody 101 - "..strict iambic line goose-stepping" &"And camellias blowsy with middle age"
Personification because the line and camellias are being given human qualities from being able to goose-step to bearing a middle age
Advice: What is a highly common theme in poetry?
Advice: When concerned with time, what do most authors say about it in poetry?
a) Too much time; lots of time to spare
b) Not enough time; time running out
c) neither too much or too less; spend it wisely
Not enough time; time running out
Advice: What creates poetic shifts?
b) Fancy Buts
c) Change of pov
d) a &b
e) a, b, & c
Buts, fancy buts, and a chance of pov are all initiators of a poetic shift. Poetic shifts include a change of mood and/or tone to be explain the theme of the poem
Advice: What is the definition of marginalia, a technique that helps readers understand poetry?
Marginalia is simply marginal notes. Reading without writing in the margins is like walking without moving your arms
Advice: What is poetry based off of?
b) other poems and stories
Experiences!!! Authors usually write poetry based off of what they have learned in life and seen, so they are sharing an experience!
Advice: Are the titles important to a poem? Why or why not
Titles are super important! Authors title their poems with reasons. For example, Prosody 101 is about rhythm and sound in poetry, and prosody is defined as