22 terms

AP Lit Vocab Word definitions

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Alliteration
Repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words placed near each other.
A somewhat looser definition is that it is the use of the same consonant in any
part of adjacent words
Assonance
: Repeated vowel sounds in words placed near each other,
These should be in sounds that are accented, or stressed,
Consonance:
Repeated consonant sounds at the ending of words placed near each other
Onomatopoeia
Action sounding words.
Repetition
The purposeful re-use of words and phrases for an effect.
Rhyme
Words that
have different beginning sounds but whose endings sound alike.
Allusion
A brief reference to some person, historical event, work of art, or Biblical or mythological
situation or character.
Apostrophe
Speaking directly to a real or imagined listener or inanimate object
Connotation
The emotional, psychological or social overtones of a word.
Its implications and associations
apart from its literal meaning
Denotation
The dictionary definition of a word; its literal meaning
Euphemism:
An understatement, used to lessen the effect of a statement; substituting something innocuous
for something that might be offensive or hurtful.
Hyperbole
An outrageous exaggeration used for effect
Irony
A contradictory statement or situation to reveal a reality different from what appears to be true.
Metaphor
A direct comparison between two unlike things, stating that one is the other or does the action
of the other.
Metonymy
A figure of speech in which a person, place, or thing is referred to by something closely
associated with it
Oxymoron
A combination of two words that appear to contradict each other
Paradox
A statement in which a seeming contradiction may reveal an unexpected truth
Personification
Attributing human characteristics to an inanimate object, animal, or abstract idea.
Simile:
A direct comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as."
Synecdoche
Indicating a person, object, etc. by letting only a certain part represent the whole
Imagery
The use of vivid language to generate ideas and/or evoke mental images, not only of the visual
sense, but of sensation and emotion as well
Tone, Mood
The means by which a poet reveals attitudes and feelings, in the style of language or expression
of thought used to develop the subject.
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