37 terms

social studdies

created first roman republic, innocent until proven guilty, all males had right to vote
native americans
the first people to live in North America, religion linked to nature
democracy, ideas are debated at an assembly of all citizens, valued human reason
christopher columbus
sailed for spain and discovered bahamas and america made three more voyages, though he was in the indies so he called natives indies
first europeans to make contact with north america, developed new style of ship called longship
vasco de gama
sailed europe and portugal, found sea route to asia started/governed colony
ferdinand magellan
portugal, sailed around world died in battle during trip, dicovered strait of magellan
erik the red
sailed for vikings and scandinavia discovered iceland and greenland
barolomeu dias
sailed for portugal discovered southern tip of africa/ cape of good hope
vasco nunez de balboa
sailed for present day panama and discovered pacific ocean
amerigo vespucci
discovered s and n america america was named after him
hernando de soto
traveled for spain went to florida to north carolina died during journey
juan ponce de leon
traveled for spain discovered florida and puerto rico founded city of san juan
hernan cortez
sailed for spain conquered aztecs claimed mexico
francisco pizzarro
sailed for spain defeated inca empire, claimed s america
john cabot
sailed for england traveled the coast of present day newfoundland in canada born in italy
jacques cartier
sailed for france sailed to st lawrence river traveled all the way o canada claiming all the land he explored
samuel de champlain
sailed for france sailed to present day canady along st lawrece river found small colonies and named it quebec
oldest known civilization known for stone heads
built large pyramids and had paved plazas and canals tht brought wayer to the large citiees
fierce warriors who increased their emppire by attacking their neighbors, capital is tenochtitlan
mound builders
hopewell and mississippian tribes tht built large mounds as a religious practice
built houses in the sides of cliffs, irrigated to grow corn used kivas as underground ceremonial chambers
gound in the andes mts, a strong central government built advanced systems of roads and buildings
francisco vasquez de coronado
sailed for spain and discoverd s.w. us and grand canyon
prince henry
never did sail but openned a school for sailing and paid for many expeditions
johannas gutenberg
invented printing press and it allowed a whole page to be printed at once, created more education and aslo allowed males to share ideas and increased acces to affordable reading material
the system of goernment had a king, lords, knights, in a system to protect the lands
period of rebirth in europe and brought new advances in science, math, and the arts
joint stock company
businesses in which a group of people invest together
brough new ideas and products back to europe in the goal to expand christianity
a document, issued by a sovereign or state, outlining the conditions under which a corporation, colony, city, or other corporate body is organized, and defining its rights and privileges.
A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic. (p. 427)
group of persons associated together for religious, cultural, scientific purposes
A member of a Western Christian church whose faith and practice are founded on the principles of the Reformation, especially in the acceptance of the Bible as the sole source of revelation, in justification by faith alone, and in the universal priesthood of all the believers.
columbian exchange
The encounters between Europeans and non-European peoples had profound effects on both. For the peoples of the Americas, the introduction of European diseases was devastating. Over 80% of the inhabitants of North and South America died from diseases such as smallpox. The treatment of native peoples by Europeans was much debated at the time. This section provides you with a chance to compare two arguments, one protective of native peoples (although still insisting upon European superiority and the missionary purpose behind the conquest of America), the other excusing the actions of Europeans.
people united by ties of descent form a common ancestor, community of customs and traditions, adherence to the same leaders