Chapter 5: Community Organizing/ Building and Health Promotion Programming
Terms in this set (35)
a process by which community groups are helped to identify common problems or change targets, mobilize resources, and develop and implement strategies for reaching their collective goals
a process that begins with those who are affected by the problem
those who control, both formally and informally , the political climate of the community
a temporary group that is brought together for dealing with a specific problem
formal alliance of organizations that come together to work for a common goal
an orientation to practice focused on community,rather than a strategic framework or approach, and on building capacities,not fixing problems
any combination of planned learning experiences using evidence based practices and/or sound theories that provide the opportunity to acquire knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed to adopt and maintain health behaviors
any planned combination of educational, political, environmental, regulatory, or organizational mechanisms that support actions and conditions of living conducive to the health of individuals, groups, and communities
a process by which an intervention is planned to help meet the needs of a priority population
priority population (audience)
those whom a program is intended to serve
the process of collecting and analyzing information to develop an understanding of the issues, resources, and constraints of the priority population, as related to the development of the health promotion program
an activity or activities designed to create change in people
the number of components or activities that make up the intervention
the umber of program units delivered as part of the intervention
recommendations for interventions based on critical review of multiple research and evaluation studies that substantiate the efficacy of the intervention
intervention strategies used in prior or existing programs that have not gone through the critical research and evaluation studies and thus falls short of best practice criteria
original intervention strategies that he planners create based on their knowledge and skills of good planning processes including the involvement of those in the priority population and the use of theories and models
putting a planned intervention into action
a trial run of an intervention
implementation of an intervention with a series of small groups instead of the entire population
determining the value or worth of an object of interest
standard of acceptablity
a comparative mandate, value, norm, or group
the evaluation that is conducted during the planning and implementing processes to improve or refine the program
the evaluation that determines the effect of a program on the priority population
the evaluation that focuses on immediate observable effects of a program
the evaluation that focuses on the end result of a program
What are the assumptions (identified by Ross) under which organizers work when bringing a community together to solve a problem?
1. community can deal with their own problems
2. people want & can change
3. people should participate in the major changes
4. changes that are self-imposed have meaning
5. holistic approach is successful, fragmented is not
6. democracy requires cooperative participation
7. communities need help with needs just like individuals do
What is the difference between top-down and grass roots community organizing?
top-down: initiated by someone outside community
grassroots: citizen of community initiated
Examples of gatekeepers in your community
community, priest, politician, principle
Identify the steps in the generalized approach to community organizing/building presented?
1. R-recognize the issue
2. G-gain entry
3. O-organize the people
4. A-assess the community
5. D-determine priorities&set goals
6. A-arrive at a solution& intervention
7. I-implenment plan
8. E-evaluate outcomes
9. M- maintain outcomes
Why are needs assessments important in the health promotion programming process?
it is important to start where the people are and see what level of prevention a community has and if there was an effective intervention strategy in the past
What are the five major steps in program development?
2. simple & specific
3. unite & involve members
4. affect many people
5. part of a larger plan
What are the difference between goals and objectives?
-goals are much more global and objectives are more precise
- goals cover ALL aspects of a program & objectives are the steps to achieve goals
- goals aren't measurable & objectives are written so their level of attainment is observable and measurable
How is pilot testing useful when developing an intervention?
this will show you if you have any problems with delivery, training, or resources within an intervention
Name and briefly describe the five major components of program evaluation.
1. PLANNING- who? internal/external factor? timeline>
2. COLLECTING data- who? pilot test results?
3. ANALYZE the study- who? when completed?
4. REPORT results- who writes? who receives?
5. APPLYING the results- be used? continue or discontinue?
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