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New Testament Final
Terms in this set (50)
And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love.
1 Corinthians 13:13
Therefore, we are ambassadors for Christ, God making his appeal through us. We implore you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God.
2 Corinthians 5:20
For we do not have a high priest who is unable to empathize with out weaknesses, but we have on who has been tempted in every way, just as we are -- yet he did not sin.
Now faith is confidence in what we hope for and assurance about what we do not see
Count it all joy, my brothers, when you meet trials of various kinds
Casting all your anxieties on him, because he cares for you.
1 Peter 5:7
But do not overlook this one fact, beloved, that with the Lord one day is a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.
2 Peter 3:8
But even the archangel Michael, when he was disputing with the devil about the body of Moses, did not himself dare to condemn him for slander but said, "The Lord rebuke you!"
After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude that no one could number, from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes with palm branches in their hands..
Then I saw a heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more.
-about the time Jude was written
-destruction of the temple in Jerusalem
king and priest blessed Abram, Hebrews
where Peter wrote
symbolic for Rome in Revelation
spreading of Jews
expressing commands or exhortations
false teaching perverting the grace of God
Book of Enoch
an apocryphal book mentioned in Jude
where John was exiled and wrote Revelation
Greek calculation of value of words
officer of the church
descent into hell
after Jesus united in body and soul, descended into hell
Identify 5 of the problems/challenges Paul addresses in 1 Corinthians along with the solution he gives for each.
1. Division on opinions over leaders
- God is the leader
- We can have human leaders/pastors but need to know its God working through them
- Don't be judged by non-believers, solve it in the church
- Christians should solve problems on a Christian basis
3. Sexual immorality
- Become one w/God, instead of w/prostitutes
- Honor God w/bodies
4. Not being able to control passion
- get married then
- Celibacy/should get married
5. Food sacrificed to idols
- Don't do it if it causes someone to stumble
- Can be applied to anything today where if its not a sin but causes someone else to stumble then shouldn't do it
According to Carson and Moo, state 3 contributions that 1-2 Corinthians make.
1. offer opportunities to observe unchanging gospel
2. character of Paul the man, christian, pastor, apostle was revealed more
3. first written list of witnesses of Jesus' resurrection
Identify 2 details about Paul's life found in 2 Corinthians that are not revealed elsewhere.
1. he had visions (12:1-4)
2. he suffered from a "thorn in the flesh"
Give 2 facts that are known about the author of the Letter to the Hebrews.
1. he was a Hellenistic Jewish Christian
2. he was not an eyewitness of the ministry of Jesus
What is the purpose of the Letter to the Hebrews?
To prevent apostasy and restore the recipients into mainstream Christian fellowship.
According to Marshall, Travis and Paul, give 2 aspects of Hebrews that are fundamental for understanding its structure.
1. it consists of alternating blocks of teaching about Christ and exhortation
2. the argument is developed around key quotations from Scripture
According to Robert Gundry, what is the basic theme of Hebrews?
The superiority of Christ over all else
According to Middendorf and Schuler give two reasons why Hebrews is difficult for many modern readers to understand.
1. you must have a high degree of familiarity with the OT figures and theology
2. Hebrews requires in depth thinking and engaging in research into the OT
According to Middendorf and Schuler, what are two titles or characteristics which Hebrews applies to Jesus?
1. the once for all sacrifice for sin
2. the apostle who was sent forth from God
List three facts that we know about James, the author of the Letter of James.
1. he was one of Jesus' half-brothers
2. he and his family were skeptics of Jesus' significance until his resurrection
3. he was first named as a significant leader in Jerusalem in Acts 12:17
Give two quotations from the text of the Letter of James that are examples of commands/exhortations.
1. (1:2) "count it all joy, my brothers, when you meet trials of all kinds"
2. (1:10) "But the rich should take pride in their humiliation—since they will pass away like a wild flower"
Identify two features of James which are characteristic of Old Testament wisdom literature.
1. wisdom is a gift from God
2. teaches themes such as faith and perseverance in the face of trials and suffering
According to Marshall, Travis and Paul, give 2 sayings/themes that Jesus and James have in common.
1. joy when faith is tested (1:2)
2. endurance leads to salvation (1:12)
Complete the following comparisons from Norman Geisler's contrasts of Paul's and James' teaching.
justification - before God
faith as - a produced of works
justification - before humans
works as the - the proof of faith
List three facts that we know about the apostle Peter.
1. one of the best known figures in the early church
2. grew up in Bethsada as a fisherman
3. lived in Capernaum where he was appointed as one of the Jesus' apostles
Why must 1 and 2 Peter have been written bfore AD 67/68?
Peter was martyred during Nero's reign in A.D. 67/68
According to Robert Hoerber in the Concordia Self-Study Bible, who are the different audiences addressed in the first and second parts of 1 Peter?
Those who were just baptized in Christian faith; the entire congregation
According to Robert Hoerber, give two purposes for 2 Peter.
1. stimulate Christian growth
2. combat false teachings
1. Who are the four authors of the "General/Catholic Epistles"?
2. Why are these letters called "general" or "catholic"?
1. Peter, James, John, Jude
2. They address a more universal audience
List two characteristics of the Letter of Jude.
1. has a vividness and vigor that expresses his intense disgust of the immorality he denounces
2. a special feature is the love of threes (shows an orderly mind)
List the locations of three of the seven churches to whom the Revelation of St. John is sent.
According to Robert Hoerber, why does John write Revelation?
To encourage the faithful to resist demands of emperor worship.
According to Marshall, Travis and Paul, what are the two trends in the OT prophetic literature that reach a climax in the style/genre of apocalyptic?
1. the move from oral to visual
2. development of increasingly cosmic imagery to depict God's intervention in judgment and salvation
With what literary source must one be especially familiar to properly interpret the symbols of Revelation?
the Old Testament
Name and describe the four basic approaches to interpreting Revelation.
1. Idealism - strips the symbolic language and predictive value
2. Preterism - believes the events of Revelation were fulfilled in the 1st century
3. Historicism - interprets Revelation as a symbolic prenarration of church history from apostolic times until the second coming and the last judgment
4. Futurism - holds that Revelation describes a coming painful and chaotic time called the tribulation immediately followed by the return of Christ.
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