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World War 2 Study Guide
Terms in this set (26)
Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Germany in 1939?
They pledged to defend Poland against Hitler who attacked them from the west.
Selective Training and Service Act
The first peacetime draft in the country's history
Commanded the Normandy invasion and was forced to retreat from the Philipines in 1942.
First priority of leaders to defeat the Axis Powers
Defeating the Germans
Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor?
To secure control of East Asia before the U.S. military could respond.
Bataan Death march
Caused the death of 600 Americans and thousands of Filipinos.
The U.S. was expected to be responsible for most of the postwar rebuilding because?
Much of the destruction was escaped and the U.S. emerged as the greatest world power.
Benjamin O. Davis
First African American general in the U.S. Air Force.
Why did Hitler direct his anger toward intellectuals, communists, and Jews?
He felt they were responsible for Germany's problems.
Harry S. Truman
Took over because President Roosevelt died of a stroke in April 1945. He ordered the use of the atomic bomb on Japan.
U.S., Great Britain, Soviet Union, and China
Battle of Leyte Gulf
Largest naval battle in history
Jewish people who rose up against Germany and fought for a month before being crushed.
Executive Order 9066 allowing the government to relocate and or imprison Japanese Americans.
Italian leader who allied with Hitler
A. Philip Randolph
Organized a march on Washington to demand equal pay for black workers.
Tactic of purposely crashing piloted planes into enemy ships
Battler of the Bulge
Counterattack launched by Germans after D-Day
Another name for the D-Day invasion
Battle of Stalingrad
battle in the Soviet Union during which German forces froze or starved to death.
policy of avoiding war by giving in to demands
Extermination of an entire group of people.
Invasion of Normandy beaches in which thousands of soldiers were killed or wounded in June of 1944.
allowed the United States to aid any nation vital to its defense.
Omaha, Juno, Sword, Utah, and Gold
The top secret development of the Atomic Bombs
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