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English 9 nonfiction review

indirect characterization

type of characterization where the author shows a character's traits

direct characterization

type of characterization where the author states a character's traits


involves imaginary characters and events


involves real characters and events

reflective essay

writer reflects on feelings about a topic of personal importance

visual essay

uses both visuals and written language

persuasive esay

tries to convince readers to accept a position or course of action


tells about the writer's own life


tells the story of a person other than the author

narrative essay

an essay that tells a story

book review & book jacket

two types of writing we read about In These Girls, Hope Is a Muscle

proof Georgia O'Keeffe did what she wanted and not what others told her to do

men said you can't paint NYC--she did; men didn't like her bright colors--she made them brighter

he's writing about comics with comics

why the format of Understanding Comics is appropriate

how we know it's a radio interview

in "Earhart Redux" we hear sound effects, a sign-on and a sign-off, different people talking, a dead person talks

example of direct characterization

There was in her a certain pride and love of labor--tells the reader the washwoman takes pride in her work and she likes to work

example of indirect characterization with speech

"I could not rest easy in my bed because of the wash...I do not want to be a burden on anyone."--shows the reader the washwoman doesn't want to cause anyone problems; she's honest and dedicated to her job

example of indirect characterization with actions

The old woman returns the laundry after several months. She had been very sick and had almost died.--shows the reader the washwoman is honest and dedicated

example of indirect characterization with appearance

She was even thinner now, more bent. Her face had become more gaunt, her head shook...[She] mumbled something with her sunken mouth and pale lips.--shows the washwoman had been sick

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