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Arts and Humanities
IB English HL Poetry Terms
Terms in this set (49)
the repetition of identical or similar consonant sounds, normally at the beginnings of words. "Gnus never know pneumonia" is an example of...
unrhymed iambic pentameter; the meter of most of Shakespeare's plays, as well as that of Milton's Paradise Lost.
a pause, usually near the middle of a line of verse, usually indicated by the sense of the line, and often greater than the normal pause.
an ingenious and fanciful notion or conception, usually expressed through an elaborate analogy, and pointing to a striking parallel between two seemingly dissimilar things; may be a brief metaphor, but it also may form the framework of an entire poem.
the repetition of similar consonant sounds in a group of words. The term usually refers to words in which the ending consonants are the same but the vowels that precede them are different
a two-line stanza, usually with end-rhymes the same.
devices of sound
the techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry. Among devices of sound are rhyme, alliteration, assonance, consonance, and onomatopoeia. The devices are used for many reasons, including to create a general effect of pleasant or of discordant sound, to imitate another sound, or to reflect a meaning.
a poem which is intended primarily to teach a lesson
a poem which employs a dramatic form or some element or elements of dramatic techniques as a means of achieving poetic ends
a line with a pause at the end. Lines that end with a period, a comma, a colon, a semicolon, an exclamation point, or a question mark are this
the continuation of the sense and grammatical construction from one line of poetry to the next.
rhyme that appears correct from spelling, but is half-rhyme or slant rhyme from the pronunciation. Examples include "watch" and "match," and "love" and "move."
poetry which is not written in a traditional meter but is still rhythmical
rhyme that occurs within a line, rather than at the end.
any short poem that presents a single speaker who expresses thoughts and feelings; have also been written on subjects as different as religion and reading
the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry; emphasizes the musical quality of the language and often relates directly to the subject matter of the poem.
a figure of speech which is characterized by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself. In this way we commonly speak of the king as the "crown," an object closely associated with kingship.
a non-dramatic poem which tells a story or presents a narrative, whether simple or complex, long or short -- epics and ballads are examples
an eight-line stanza; most commonly, the first division of an Italian sonnet.
a group of syllables in verse usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables associated with it.
u / Example: That time of year thou mayst in me behold
/ u Example: Tell me not in mournful number
u u / Example: And the sound of a voice that is still
/ u u Example: This is the forest primeval, the murmuring pines and the hemloc
a four-line stanza with any combination of rhymes.
a group of words forming a phrase or sentence and consisting of one or more lines repeated at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza.
close similarity or identity of sound between accented syllables occupying corresponding positions in two or more lines of verse. For a true, the vowels in the accented syllables must be preceded by different consonants, such as "fan" and "ran."
the recurrence of stressed and unstressed syllables that lends both pleasure and heightened emotional response to the listener or reader.
a system for describing the meter of a poem by identifying the number and the type(s) of feet per line.
one foot per line
two feet per line
three feet per line
four feet per line
five feet per line
six feet per line
seven feet per line
eight feet per line
a six-line stanza. Most commonly, the second division of an Italian sonnet.
the narrative voice of the poem (similar to the narrator in a piece of prose)
the character of a poem (like character in a prose piece)
normally a fourteen-line iambic pentameter poem. The conventional Italian, or Petrarchan is rhymed abba, abba, cde, cde; the English, or Shakespearean, is rhymed abab, cdcd, efef, gg.
usually a repeated grouping of three or more lines with the same meter and rhyme scheme.
the arrangement of materials within a work; the relationship of the parts of a work to the whole; the logical divisions of a work. The most common in a poem are the line and stanza.
a form of metaphor which in mentioning a part signifies the whole. For example, we refer to "foot soldiers" for infantry and "field hands" for manual laborers who work in agriculture.
a stanza of three lines in which each line ends with the same rhyme.
similar but not identical word sounds; either the vowel segments are different while the consonants are identical, or vice versa. For example, "your" and "year" or "slowly" and "holds me."
the collective appearance of the words and stanza as they are placed on the page, sometimes in the form of significant shapes or images
the voice of the poem
a change within the poem (of tone, of topic, etc.)
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