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Exam 3 study guide
Terms in this set (96)
The policy and practice of exploiting nations and peoples directly through military occupation and colonial rule or through economic domination of resources and markets.
Primarily among Hindus, a religious class designation inherited from one's ancestors and passed on to one's descendants.
The Hindu practice of widow immolation on her husband's funeral pyre
Indian soldiers and policemen working under contract for the British East India Company.
An early 19th century belief voiced by clergymen in the northeast US that God meant for white Americans to dominate the continent.
consciousness of and loyalty to a distinct region with a homogeneous population. development of a political or social system based on one or more such areas
ex: LA Purchase
Compromise of 1850
The four-step compromise which
1. admitted CA as a free state
2. allowed the residents of NM territory and UT to decide the slavery issue themselves
3. ended the slave trade in the District of Columbia
4. passed a new fugitive slave law.
the 13th amendment
freed all slaves
The goods, possessions, or other items of value that constitute wealth and may be used to gain more goods, possessions, or other items of value either through production or investment.
An ideology proposing that the community or government have ownership of the means to create wealth.
A political theory advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs
The tendency to see military might as the most important and best tool for the expansion of a nation's power and prestige.
All quiet on the western front
is the first major anti-war film of the sound era by Erich Maria Remarque
A war in which there are no decisive, conclusive battles. Rather, the two sides grind away @ each other until one side is exhausted and gives up
War of attrition
a contest, dispute, competition, etc., in which neither side can gain an advantage or win
A process instituted to control the distribution of resources such as food, clothing, gasoline, sugar to ensure a sufficient supply during the shortage or greater need----in this case the war effort.
Signed at the peace conference to end WWI dealing with Germany where negotiations with the various Central Powers took place at the former residence of French kings
treaty of versailles
payments demanded from Germany to pay for the costs of the war.
President Woodrow Wilson's program to establish and maintain peace after WWI.
International peace keeping and humanitarian organization created in 1919 @ the Paris Peace conference.
league of nations
Post WWI public hysteria over (supposed) Bolshevik influence in the USA directed against labor activism, radical dissenters, and some ethnic groups.
"gens de couleur"
free men of color
previous revolt leader, voodoo doctor (Haiti)
He emancipated the slaves and negotiated for the French colony on Hispaniola, Saint-Domingue (later Haiti)
named himself Governor-General-for-life of Haiti and served in that role until he was proclaimed Emperor of Haiti by the Generals of the Haitian Revolution Army. After betrayal of Toussaint Louverture, he became the leader of the revolution and defeated a French army at the Battle of Vertières
This event was sparked by policies of the French Revolution overflowing into its New World empire.
The Haitian Revolution
This country became France's wealthiest overseas colony, largely because of its production of sugar, coffee, indigo, and cotton generated by an enslaved labor force.
Haiti - previously known as "Saint Dominigue"
The liberator of much of Latin America. Inclined toward a policy of political liberalism. Helped organize a liberating junta in venezuela.
Captured the imagination of many socialists and the working class. Also influenced the Socialist Democratic Movement
Marxand the "Marxist movement"
Wrote "The Communist Manifesto" about class struggles and clash of
bourgeoisie (capital-owning class)
and proletariat (working class)
Marx and Engels
The social and economic consequences of the Latin American revolutions
The Napoleonic Code and the Monroe Doctrine
Result of the reforms of the french revolution that removed many regional and economic barriers and led to more standard weights and measures
The Napoleonic Code aka "civil code of 1804"
It warns European nations that the U.S would not tolerate further colonization or puppet monarchs. Also vowed to keep the U.S out of European internal affairs and wars.
the Monroe Doctrine
Wrote the wealth of Nations about theories of human social and economic development such as the four-stage theory
and known as founder of the
Laissez-Faire ( policy of minimum governmental interference in the economic affairs of individuals and society.)
Control by one power over a dependent area or people. A policy advocating or based on such control
examples: India, Hawaii
sailed from England as commander and was the first European to discover the Hawaiian Islands. Was killed by angry mob of
Hawaiians after finding out he was not a god.
-U.S businessmen placed under house arrest and charged with treason
-Signed a formal abdication but continued to appeal to President Grover Cleveland for reinstatement
After the overthrow of the monarchy, he served as the President of the Republic of Hawaii until his government secured Hawaii's annexation by the United States.
Sanford B. Dole.
A British businessman, mining magnate and politician that asked for expansion to mine for gold and diamonds. founded the southern African territory of Rhodesia
was a rationale for intervention or colonization, purporting to contribute to the spread of civilization, and used mostly in relation to the Westernization of indigenous peoples
The mission civilisatrice ("civilizing mission")
helped support Protestant work ethic. Also studed social and industrial problems, and to educate working women about the "social measures and legislation enacted in their behalf."
Rudyard Kipling wrote this ethnocentric, and paternalistic towards U.S imperialism
The White Man's Burden
The berlin conference aka :
and the goal was to :
"Scramble for Africa"
goal was "civilizing and Christianizing"
Joseph Conrad published this novel stating that there is little difference between so-called civilized people and those described as savages; raises questions about imperialism and racism
Heart of Darkness
Major tools of the empire during imperialism
Gunpowder and the Gunboat
during imperialism, all of the continents were colonized except for
Ethiopia and Liberia
the descendants of the original Dutch settlers of southern Africa.
The Boers, also known as Afrikaners
british war on Boers who moved into interior. took Boers and servants and put them in internment camps. the war developed from a (semi-) conventional conflict to a full-scale guerrilla war
Went bankrupt from the boston tea party. became the primary agent for English imperialism throughout Asia
British East India Company
A conflict that arose when the First Philippine Republic objected to the terms of the Treaty of Paris when U.S took possession of the Philippines from Spain. Noted as "pre-Vietnam War" due to the Imperialism and nationalism
small civil war in the United States, fought between proslavery and antislavery advocates for control of the new territory of Kansas under the doctrine of popular sovereignty
effort by armed abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal
an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel that helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Confederacy was originally formed by seven secessionist slave-holding states
The Confederate States of America (CSA)
This speech was primarily addressed to the people of the South, and was intended to state Lincoln's policies and desires towards the CSA
Abraham Lincoln's first inaugural address
the first major battle of the Civil War and resulted in a Confederate victory.
First Battle of Bull Run, AKA the First Battle of Manassas
Lincoln declaring that all slaves in the rebellious states "shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free."
One of the last battles of the American Civil War. It was the final engagement of CSA General-in-Chief, Robert E. Lee, and his army before it surrendered to the Union Army
Battle of Appomattox Court House
An American politician who served as the only President of the Confederate States
invented the spinning mule, a machine that revolutionized the industry worldwide.
was the inventor of the flying shuttle, which was a key contribution to the Industrial Revolution
Manchester mechanic John Kay
the breakdown of labor into its components and their distribution among different persons, groups, or machines to increase productive efficiency
Division of Labor
Eli Whitney: began the concept in the 1800's with guns
Henry Ford: combine with assembly line and mass productions
The assassination of this Serbian nationalist sparks WW1
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, Tangling Aliiances
advocated non-involvement in European and Asian conflicts and non-entanglement in international politics
Called for powerful German forces to sweep through Belgium and outflank the French
Allies of WW1
France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, British Empire, U.S (First It's Real Sh*tty But Ummm)
Central powers of WW1
Ottoman Empire, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria (Oh Gosh, Anna Banana)
Sunk by a German U-boat that contributed indirectly to the entry of the United States into World War
President Woodrow Wilson's program to establish and maintain peace after WWI.
a series of programs and projects instituted during the Great Depression by President Franklin D. Roosevelt that aimed to restore prosperity to Americans.
The New Deal
Fascism, Social Darwinists, Anti-Semitism, The Failure of Peace Efforts from League of Nations
a planned massacre of defenseless people, usually Jews, @ the end of the 19th century
a way of organizing a society in which a government ruled by a dictator controls the lives of the people and in which people are not allowed to disagree with the government
A state reduced tensions between two countries
Where Germany, Italy, France, and the UK (The Western Allies) agreed to Hitler's demands on the surrender of the Sudetenland.
The policy of meeting German demands and grievances without demanding firm reciprocal advantages and asking instead only for future "mutual understanding."
WW2 started when
the German armies marched into Poland.
The use of rapid mechanization mobility to overwhelm dug-in, fortified positions used to defeat France in WWII.
Blitzkrieg "lighting war"
The Normandy Invasion aka
Term used to define the goal of the Holocaust, to eliminate all Jews from the Earth.
How did Japan surrender in WWII
after the hiroshima and nagasaki bombings
Axis Powers of WWII
Germany, Italy, and Japan (G.I.Joe's two exes (axis)
Allied powers of WWII
Britain, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, the Soviet Union, China and the United States of America. (Bring Friendly Allies Cocaine Now Zena I'll Shank U Cuz USA)
war between USA and the USSR after the end of WWII
the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. believed "Communist infiltration"
• Duck and Cover
• Space Race
• Cold War
Were all noted under the
Where North Vietnamese and communist Viet Cong forces launched a coordinated attack against targets in South Vietnam. played an important role in weakening U.S. public support for the war in Vietnam
Founder of Al Queda
Osama Bin Laden
The government that allowed Osama Bin Laden security
a joint British-American military campaign aimed at capturing bin Laden and over throwing the Taliban regime.
Operation Enduring Freedom
A federal legislation act adopted in response to the Terrorist attacks on Sept. 11 to facilitate anti-terror actions by federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies.
USA Patriot Act
Cabinet-level department created by Bush to manage US security.
"preemptive defense" to over-throw Saddam Hussein
The Bush Doctrine
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