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thematic map

presents information to only one theme or topic


the pattern of weather over a long period of time

economic activity

any action that relates to the making, buying, and selling of goods and services


any natural feature of Earth's surface that has a distinct shape. Landforms include major features such as continents, plains, plateaus, and mountain ranges. They also include minor features such as hills, valleys, canyons, and dunes.

physical features

The natural characteristics of the earths surface, such as landforms and bodies of water

population density

the average number of people who live in a unit of area, such as a square mile. population density measures how crowded an area is


an area defined by one or more natural or cultural characteristics that set it apart from other areas


all the plants and trees in an area


a long narrow stretch of land that is surrounded by water on all sides

climate zones

areas or regions where the climate is similar; factors such as latitude, mountains, and oceans affect what is found in the region


rain or anything made of water


a graph that shows the average temperature and precipitation in a place over a year

ice cap

permanent ice and snow; no plant life


no trees; types of grasses and shrubs

coniferous forest


mixed forest

a mix of coniferous and deciduous


trees with broad leaves that shed before winter

temperate grassland

grasses that are adapted to cool climates


small trees and bushes to a Mediterranean climate

desert scrub

small plants adapted to a dry climate


arid region with few plants

tropic grassland

grasses and scattered adapted to a wet and dry climate

broadleaf evergreen forest

tall trees with large leaves that remain green all year

hunting and gathering


subsistence farming

farmers that grow only enough for his family

nomadic headers

people who moves to find food and water for their animals

commercial farming and commercial fishing

when a farmer farms for a company and when a fisherman fishes for a company


cutting down trees

trade and manufacturing

turning resources into goods to sell


is an area with one or more features that set it apart from other areas

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