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CHAPTER 11

STUDY
PLAY
Gender
the perception of being male/female
sex
sexual anatomy/behavior
stereotypes
may lead people to perform in accordance with the stereotypes and not their own abilities
gender roles
set of expectations, defined by a particular society
sexism
negative attitudes and behavior toward a person based on their gender
benevolent sexism
steretyped/restrictive attitudes that appear on the surface to be beneficial to women
glass ceiling
unstated, but real barriers within an organization that prevent women from being promoted beyond a certain level because of gender discrimination
sexual harrassment
unwanted sexual attention
biosocial approach
one important source of gender differences is the physical capabilities of men and women
socialization
the process by which an individual learns the rules and norms of appropriate behavior in society
gender schema
mental framework that organizes and guides a child's understanding of information relevant to gender
androgens
male sex hormones that the testes begin to secrete at puberty
genitals
male and female sex organs
estrogen
female sex hormones
progesterone
female sex hormone
ovulation
greatest output of the hormones , when an egg is released from the ovaries making the chance of fertilization by a sperm cell the highest
errogeneous zones
an unusually rich array of nerve receptors are particularly sensitive not just to sexual touch but by any touch
excitement
the period in which an arousing stimulsu begins a sequence that prepares the genitals for sex
plateau
the period in which the maximum level of arousal is attained, the penis and clitoris swell with blood, the body prepares for organsm
orgasm
the peak of sexual excitement, during which rhythmic muscular contractions occur in the genitals
resolution
the interval after orgasm in which the body returns to its unaroused state, reversing the changes brought about by arousal
refractory period
men are unable to develop an erection and therefore are unable to have another orgasm and ejaculate
masturbation
sexual self stimulation often using the hand to rub the genitals
heterosexuality
sexual attraction and behavior directed to the other sex
double standard
view that the premarital sex is permissible for males but not for females
permissiveness with affetction
premarital sex is permissible if it occurs within a longterm, committed, loving relationship
extramarital sex
cheating on your spouse
homosexual
attracted to members of own sex
bisexual
attracted to own and other sex
transexuals
people who believe they were born with the body of the other gender
transgenderism
people who view themselves as a third gender
hermaphrodite
an atypical combination of sexual organs/chromosomal or gene patterns-mix of physiological and psychological issues
rape
one person forces another to submit to sexual activity-occurs far more frequently than is commonly though
date rape
rape in which the rapist is either a date/romantic acquaintance
chlamidya
disease that initially produces no symptoms and in men causes a burning sensation during urination, discharge from the penis
genital herpes
virus related to the cold sores that sometimes appears around the mouth-small blisters/sores around the genitals
trichomnoiasis
infection in the vagina/penis caused by a parasite
gonorrhea
a burning sensation during urination and can lead to fertility problems
aids
an STD caused by a virus that destroys the body's immune system
erectile dysfunction
a male's inability to achieve/maintain an erection
premature ejaculation
male is unable to delay orgasm as long as he wishes - most often a psychological problem
inhibited ejaculation
male is unable to ejaculate when he wants
arorgasmia
lack of orgasm
inhibited sexual desire
motivation for sex is lacking