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USH Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (47)
a law that provided a range of benefits for returning World War II veterans. It was designed by the American Legion, who helped push it through Congress by mobilizing its chapter the goal was to provide immediate rewards for practically all World War II veterans. 1944
a geopolitical strategy to stop the expansion of an enemy. best known as a Cold War foreign policy of the United States and its allies to prevent the spread of communism. response to a series of moves by the Soviet Union to increase communist influence in Eastern Europe, China, Korea, Africa, Vietnam, and Latin America.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc and powers in the Western Bloc.
a 66-page top secret National Security Council policy paper drafted by the Department of State and Department of Defense It was one of the most important American policy statements of the Cold War. advocated a large expansion in the military budget of the United States, the development of a hydrogen bomb, and increased military aid to allies of the United States. 7 April 1950.
a theory prominent from the 1950s to the 1980s that posited that if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow used by successive United States administrations during the Cold War to justify the need for American intervention around the world. April 7, 1954
an American foreign policy whose stated purpose was to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War. Harry S. Truman pledged to contain threats to Greece and Turkey. Direct American military force was usually not involved, but Congress appropriated financial aid to support the economies and militaries of Greece and Turkey. March 12, 1947
Policy within a "Special Message to the Congress on the Situation in the Middle East". to secure and protect the territorial integrity and political independence of such nations, requesting such aid against overt armed aggression from any nation controlled by international communism". a Middle Eastern country could request American economic assistance or aid from U.S. military forces if it was being threatened by armed aggression January 5, 1957
a series of impromptu exchanges between then U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev July 24, 1959
"Mom" and Philip Wylie
A critical label introduced by essayist Philip Wylie in his 1942 collection A Generation of Vipers, referring to a perceived American cult of motherhood 1942
Brown v. Board of Education
United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. 1954
Emmett Louis Till was a 14-year-old African-American who was lynched in Mississippi in 1955, after a white woman said she was offended by him in her family's grocery store. Till posthumously became an icon of the Civil Rights Movement. 1955
Daisy Bates & the Little Rock Nine
Daisy Lee Gatson Bates was an American civil rights activist, publisher, journalist, and lecturer who played a leading role in the Little Rock Integration Crisis of 1957. 1957
Rosa Parks & the Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. It was a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement. 1955
State Sovereignty Commissions
The stated objective of the commission was to protect the sovereignty of the state of Mississippi, and her sister states" from "encroachment thereon by the Federal Government". It coordinated activities to portray the state and racial segregation in a more positive light.
White Citizens' Councils
The Citizens' Councils were an associated network of white supremacist, extreme right, organizations in the United States, concentrated in the South. oppose racial integration of schools, but they also opposed voter registration efforts and integration of public facilities during the 1950s and 1960s. Members used severe intimidation tactics including economic boycotts, firing people from jobs, propaganda, and violence against citizens and civil-rights activists. 1954-60s
were temporary, alternative, and free schools for African Americans mostly in the South. They were originally part of a nationwide effort during the Civil Rights Movement to organize African Americans to achieve social, political and economic equality in the United States.
Fannie Lou Hamer
Fannie Lou Hamer was an American voting and women's rights activist, community organizer, and a leader in the civil rights movement. She was the co-founder and vice-chair of the Freedom Democratic Party, which she represented at the 1964 Democratic National Convention.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits racial discrimination in voting. It was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson during the height of the Civil Rights Movement on August 6, 1965
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
was one of the major Civil Rights Movement organizations of the 1960s. It emerged from the first wave of student sit-ins and formed at an April 1960 meeting organized by Ella Baker at Shaw University.
The Black Panther Party or the BPP was a political organization founded by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton in October 1966.
Diverse kids educational TV Show set in the suburbs of a city
War on Poverty
The War on Poverty is the unofficial name for legislation first introduced by United States President Lyndon B. Johnson during his State of the Union address on Wednesday, January 8, 1964.
Higher Education Act of 1965
legislation signed into United States law on November 8, 1965, as part of President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society domestic agenda. The law was intended "to strengthen the educational resources of our colleges and universities and to provide financial assistance for students in postsecondary and higher education". It increased federal money given to universities, created scholarships, gave low-interest loans for students, and established a National Teachers Corps. 1965
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
Students for a Democratic Society was a student activist movement in the United States that was one of the main representations of the New Left.
Americanization of the Vietnam War
Americas involvement in the Vietnam war
a difference of opinions between one generation and another regarding beliefs, politics, or values. In today's usage, "generation gap" often refers to a perceived gap between younger people and their parents or grandparents.
My Lai Massacre
the Vietnam War mass murder of unarmed Vietnamese civilians by U.S. troops in South Vietnam on 16 March 1968. Between 347 and 504 unarmed people were massacred by the U.S. Army soldiers from Company C, 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade, 23rd Infantry Division.
an apparent difference between what is said or promised and what happens or is true.
General Offensive and Uprising of Tet Mau Than 1968 by North Vietnam and the NLF, was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968, by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam against the forces of the South Vietnamese Army of the Republic of Vietnam,
George Wallace & the 1968 Election
American Independent Party candidate in the 1968 presidential election. As of 2018 he remains the last third-party candidate to receive pledged electoral college votes from any state.
Vietnamization of the Vietnam War
policy of the Richard Nixon administration to end U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War through a program to "expand, equip, and train South Vietnamese forces and assign to them an ever-increasing combat role, at the same time steadily reducing the number of U.S. combat troops."
the easing of hostility or strained relations, especially between countries
move slowly and carefully, especially in order to avoid being heard or noticed.
The Feminine Mystique
a book written by Betty Friedan which is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States. It was published on February 19, 1963 by W. W. Norton.
Equal Pay Act of 1963
a United States labor law amending the Fair Labor Standards Act, aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex (see Gender pay gap). It was signed into law on June 10, 1963, by John F. Kennedy as part of his New Frontier Program.
the activity of seeking to make people more aware of personal, social, or political issues.
The 1968 Miss America Pageant
held at the Boardwalk Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey on September 7, 1968 on NBC Network. Miss Illinois was the winner, Judith Ford performing on a trampoline during the talent competition of the pageant.
unit of time
a federal civil rights law in the United States of America, was passed as part of the Education Amendments of 1972.
an American constitutional lawyer and conservative political activist. She was known for staunchly conservative social and political views, antifeminism, opposition to legal abortion, and her successful campaign against ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
OPEC and 1973 oil embargo
members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo. The embargo was targeted at nations perceived as supporting Israel during the Yom Kippur War. By the end of the embargo in March 1974, the price of oil had risen from US$3 per barrel to nearly $12 globally; US prices were significantly higher. The embargo caused an oil crisis, or "shock", with many short- and long-term effects on global politics and the global economy.
Ronald Reagan & 'Star Wars'
Reagan's goal was to mount a near-total defense against a massive sophisticated intercontinental ballistic missile attack. Star Wars called for building a network of ground-based and space-based systems to shield the country; the space-based portion would have used lasers armed with nuclear warheads to shoot down incoming Soviet missiles.
a proposed missile defense system intended to protect the United States from attack by ballistic strategic nuclear weapons (intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine-launched ballistic missiles). The concept was first announced publicly by President Ronald Reagan on 23 March 1983.
Strategic Defense Initiative
The Iran Contra Scandal
a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration. Senior administration officials secretly facilitated the sale of arms to Iran, which was the subject of an arms embargo. They hoped, thereby, to fund the Contras in Nicaragua while at the same time negotiating the release of several U.S. hostages.
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