Conflicts between Conscience and Civil Law , Analysis of the Human Act, and Vocabulary
Terms in this set (29)
The law that governs the Church
The law as revealed by God
An ordinance of reason that exists for the common good and is affirmed by legitimate authority through an official process.
All laws must not only be applied fairly, but must take into consideration the capacities and limitations of the individual members of society.
Equality of Proportion
The objective order established by God which is discernible by human reason
Consists of laws enacted by civil governments for the common good
Consists of three essential elements; respect for and promotion of the fundamental rights of the person; prosperity, or the development of the spiritual and temporal goods of society; the peace and security of the group and of its members.
Any law that legitimate authority formulates for the express purpose of governing
God's wisdom as manifested in the nature of acts and movements
Because civil law, to be valid must be based on Natural Law and since a true conscience is rooted in __________, there should be no _______ between ________ and the _________.
The natural Law, conflicts , conscience , civil law
Given that Christians have an obligation to bear witness to the truth, .......
one is not bound in conscience with an unjust law
Every human act can be evaluated from three perspectives:
1. The object of the act itself
2. Intentions of the person
3. The circumstances surrounding the act
All three aspects must be _________ for an act to be good.
Intrinsically Evil Acts
are those acts that are objectively evil regardless of the circumstances or the intentions of an act
Example of an Intrinsically Evil Act
Genocide or abortion
Good actions can be morally ______ or even become more ______ through _________ intention.
tainted, sinful, wrong
A good ________ can never justify an evil act
It may _________ the badness but will get rid of it also called "___________________"
mitigate , The ends don't justify the means
Circumstances can ____________________ of a sin.
lessen the gravity
No circumstances can make a ______________
wrong action good
Example of Circumstances of stealing
stealing is bad. to steal from a well-stocked grocery store is a lesser than stealing the last supply of water from a person stranded on dessert.
The __________________ expresses many truths naturally accessible to reason. These are stated and authenticated within the _________
Law of Moses , covenant of salvation
Why is the Old Law the first stage of revealed Law?
vocation of man fashioned in the image of God, they prohibit what is contrary to the love of God and neighbor and prescribe what is essential to it.
What does it mean to say that law is a tutor?
It shows what must be done, but does not of itself give the strength, the grace of the spirit,to fulfill it.
St.Paul says the function of the Law is to ________ and _______ sin, which constitutes a " _______________________"
denounce, disclose, law of concupiscence
The Law of the Gospel is the perfection on earth of the _________, __________, and ___________
Divine law, natural, revealed
The entire Law of the Gospel is contained in the "New commandment of Jesus" :
to love one another as he has loved us
What is the new law called and why? (there are three)
Called a law of love b\c it makes us act out of the love of the holy spirit , Law of grace b\c it confers the strength of grace to act, by faith and sacraments , Law of freedom b\c it sets us free from the ritual and juridicial
How are the precepts and the counsels of the New Law different from one another?
to remove whatever is incompatible with charity. Counsels is to remove whatever might hinder the development of charity