Clin Med 3 Final
Terms in this set (110)
Serum protein produced by B-Lymphocytes in response to antigens to fight off potential infection.
a substance recognized by the immune system as foreign and elicits a specific antibody response.
Immunity that is not present at birth, but is learned.
Having severe signs and short course of 12-24 hours.
An infectious, one-celled organism that lives in or on another organism, killed with antibiotics.
A localized, slow-growing, harmless tumor.
Pathology that involves the study of body fluids.
Present at or existing from the time of birth.
Disease or illness persisting for a long time.
Type of necrosis with cheese like appearance of tissues.
Excessive or abnormal accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body part or vessel.
A red blood cell.
The cause of a disease
An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial and inter-cellular body spaces.
Part of a blood clot that circulates in the bloodstream, lodges, then blocks blood flow.
A shallow or superficial ulceration.
Any spore-producing organisms feeding on organic matter.
Type of coagulation necrosis that happens as a direct result of loss of bloodflow to an area.
The study of blood.
The escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel.
Effusion of blood in the pericardial sac.
The clotting of blood.
Microscopic examination of tissue from a diseased animal.
The interval between the time of exposure and the appearance of the 1st clinical sign.
The study of antibodies produced to fight disease.
Lack of blood supply to an area.
Referring to a would, sore, ulcer, tumor, cataract and any other tissue damage/injury.
Cancer that has spread from the primary site to a site farther away.
Dark, tarry blood in the stool.
A type of tumor that will metastasize the other areas of the body.
Examination of a body after death.
Exudate that is cloudy yellow, white, or green which contains many WBC's.
The study of the causes of disease, how they develop, and their effects on the body.
Thee clear fluid that can be separated from unclotted blood.
The clear fluid that can be separated from clotted blood.
The science or study of poisons.
A blood clot formed within a vessel,
A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane (skin, mucosal, cornea).
A Very small infectious agent requiring a living host cell to live. Antibiotics will not kill them.
Disease or infection spread from animal to human.
Death of cells.
Abnormal deposition of calcium and other minerals within a tissue.
A lesion that involves an entire organ or tissue.
An active process in which the arterioles fill up with blood.
The heat and redness associated with inflammation are cause by
Exudate which contains large amounts of fserum.
Exudate which contains a large amount of fibrin.
Occurs when a thrombus/emboli causes tissue necrosis.
Small, pinpoint hemorrhages on the surface of a tissue.
A localized, raised collection of blood due to a break in a blood vessel.
Type of shock that is due to the collection of blood in the capillaries, causing an insufficient amount of blood to circulate through the rest of the body.
Type of shock that is due to loss of a significant amount of blood.
The cellular events and reaction that occur in the development of disease.
Rubor, Tumor, Calor, Dolor
Four cardinal signs of inflammation.
Ways to classify an infarct.
White, red, bland, or septic.
Antibody is produced during the primary immune response.
Antibody in the secondary response.
Innate or non-specific immunity has memory.
Active or specific immunity has memory.
Physical agents, viruses, or chemicals that can cause mutation of cells, resulting in tumor formation.
Curative with complete surgical excision.
Dry, wet, and Gas
Types of gangrene
A decrease in the size of individual cells leading to a decrease in the size of a tissue.
Healing Day 1
Defect fills with fibrin; blood clot forms.
Healing Day 2
Neutrophils break down clot and phagocytize bacteria, dead cells, and debris.
Healing Day 3
Macrophages infiltrate wound to remove fibrin and cellular debris; this phase can last for several weeks in contaminated wounds.
Healing Day 4
Capillary bud in-growth beings at ends of damaged vessels.
Healing Day 5
Collagen produced to form fibrovascular tissue; aka epithelial regeneration
A cancer patient should always be fed a high fat, high calorie diet.
Dogs are vaccinated with ____, but they are infected with ____.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
A cat with Feline Infectious Peritonitis has a ____ prognosis.
Quarantine length for a healthy dog that has been exposed to rabies but is currently vaccinated.
Parvovirus commonly affects rapidly growing cells and in kittens it often causes:
A Clinical sign that can occur a few days after the acute signs of Canine Adenovirus-1 resolve. Can also occur as a result of vaccination. Usually resolved on its own without any treatment.
Causative agent of Feline Rhinotracheitis
Type of viruses that are more difficult to kill.
Pyoderma is usually caused by.
Circumscribed, nonpalatable spot up to 1 cm in diameter characterized by a change in color of the skin.
A small, solid elevation of the skin up to 1 cm that can be palpated as a single mass.
Coalescence of papules.
A small, well circumscribed elevation of the epidermis that is fulled with pus.
Vescicle(<1cm) or Bulla (>1cm)
A sharply circumscribed elevation of the epidermis filled with clear fluid.
A sharply circumscribed raised lesion consisting of edema that usually appears and disappears within minutes or hours.
Circumscribed, solid elevation > 1cm in diameter that usually extends into the deepest layers of the skin.
Large mass that may involve any structure of the skin or subcutaneous tissue.
An accumulation of loose fragments of the horny layer of the skin. dry, flaky skin.
Accumulation of keratin and follicular material that adheres to the hair shaft. Looks like a blackhead on the hair follicle.
Dilated hair follicle filled with cornified cells and sebaceous material. Feline Acne.
Type of scale arranged in a circular rim of loose keratin flakes. Dried up pustule.
Fibrous tissue that has replaced the damaged dermis or subcutaneous tissue. Alopecic, atrophic, and depigmented.
Erosion or ulcers caused by scratching, biting, or rubbing. Self-produced as a result of pruritus.
Shallow epidermal defect that does not penetrate the basal laminar zone and heals without charring. Not as deep as an ulcer.
A Break in the continuity of the epidermis with exposure of the underlying dermis.
Linear cleavage into or through the epidermis caused by disease or injury. Distemper (Hard Pad Disease).
Thickening or hardening of the skin characterized by an exaggeration of the superficial skin markings. "Elephant Skin"
Shampoo recommended for bacterial and yeast infections. Duration is about 48 hours.
Shampoo for bacterial and fungal infections. Residual effect is 4-6 hours. Inactivated by organic debris.
Excellent for degreasing and removing scales. Used in oily conditions with bacterial infections. Can be irritating/drying.
Antiseptic added to some antiseborrheic shampoos
Mild, non-drying antibacterial and antiseborrheic agent.
Treatment of yeast/ringworm infections. residual 2 days. Recommended use every 24 hrs for ringworm and every 48 hours for yeast.
Used for greasy skin/yeast infections. Decreases scaling. Do not use in cats due to delicate skin.
Best for ringworm. Very potent odor. Can stain clothing orange.
Degreasing and decreases scaling. Can be irritating, so use condition with product. Not an anti-bacterial. Do not use in cats. *Last resort!
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