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Taylor Fundamentals of Nursing Chapter 21: Teacher + Counselor
Terms in this set (14)
- The process of influencing the patient's behavior to effect changes in knowledge, attitudes + skills needed to maintain + improve health.
- Research supports the fact that educated patients experience better health + have fewer complications.
- To be successful, patient education must be ongoing + interactive.
- The basic purpose of teaching + counseling is to help patients + families develop the self care abilities they need to maximize their functioning + quality of life.
Aims of Counseling + Teaching
- Maintaining + promoting health
- Preventing illness
- Restoring health
- Facilitating coping
T une into the patient
E dit patient information
A ct on every teaching moment
C larify often
H onor the patient as a partner in the education process
Helps you develop your own teaching + learning skills
4 Factors Affecting Patient Learning
1.) Developmental level
2.) Family support networks + financial resources
3.) Cultural influences + language deficits
4.) Health literacy
The science of teaching generally refers to the teaching of children + adolescents
The study of teaching adults
- Helps family become effective problem solvers + support nurses teaching efforts
C: CREATIVITY: Help the family overcome obstacles to carrying out health care management + learning how to generate alternatives
O: OPTIMISM: Help the family caregivers learn ow to view the caregiving situation with confidence
P: PLANNING Help the family learn how to plan for future problems and how to develop contingency plans that reduce uncertainty
E: EXPERT INFORMATION Help the family learn how to obtain expert information from health care providers about what to do in specific situations. This information empowers caregivers by encouraging them to develop plans for solving caregiving problems
Involves the storing + recalling of new knowledge in the brain
- Cognitive learning includes intellectual behaviors such as the acquisition of knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis + evaluation
Learning a physical skill involving the integration of mental + muscular activity
Includes changes in attitudes, values + feelings
- A pact between two people setting out mutually agreed on goals.
- Usually informal and not legally binding
A parish nurse is preparing to provide a health promotion class to a group of adults in the parish. In preparing to meet the learning needs of this group, the nurse recognizes which of the following as a characteristic of an adult learner?
Their readiness to learn is often related to a developmental task or social role.
An adult's readiness to learn is often related to a developmental task or social role. The previous experience of the adult is a rich resource for learning. Most adults' orientation to learning is that material should be useful immediately.
Why is patient teaching important?
- Improves patient health and well-being
- Reduces the demand for professional services
- Joint Commission identifies goals and standards for patient and family teaching as part of accreditation
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