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Arts and Humanities
AP Lang- Rhetorical Devices
Terms in this set (55)
It refers to a repetition of the last word of one phrase, clause, or sentence at or very near the beginning of the next.
It refers to the repetition of the same word or words at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences, commonly in conjunction with climax and with parallelism
Inversion of the natural or usual word order (YODA!!)
The term literally means "setting opposite." It describes the creation of a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them together or juxtaposing them, often in parallel structure.
The term literally means "to say no." It describes a process of inductive reasoning that attempts to define an object or idea by what it is not rather than by what it is. More commonly, it refers to the rhetorical tactic of mentioning anidea by denying that it should be mentioned.
Placing, side by side, two co-ordinate elements, the second of which serves as an explanation of the first.
It refers to an interruption of discourse in order to directly addresses a personified thing, either present or absent.
A deliberate omission of conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses.
Named after the Greek letter "chi," indicating a criss-cross. The term refers to a reversal in the order of terms in the second of two parallel clauses. This is sometimes described as AB-BA structure.
The term comes from the Greek word for "ladder." It refers to the arrangement of words, clauses, or sentences in the order of increasing importance, weight, or emphasis. Parallelism usually forms a part of the arrangement, because it offersa sense of continuity, order, and movement-up the ladder of importance.
the deliberate omission of a word or words, which are readily implied by the context. The term ellipsis is related to ellipse, which is the three periods used to show omitted text in a quotation.
Refers to the repetition of the first word of a clause or sentence at the end.
repetition of the same word or group of words at the ends of successive phrases or clauses.
A single word or short phrase, usually interrupting normal syntax.
Consists of raising one or more questions and then proceeding to answer them, usually at some length. A common usage is to ask the question at the beginning of a paragraph and then use that paragraph to answer it.
a poetic and rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words or phrases are placed next to one another, creating an effect of surprise and wit.
A particular form of understatement generated by denying the opposite or contrary of the word which otherwise would be used.
The term describes any structure that displays recurrent syntactical similarity.
This term refers to the insertion of a word, phrase, or whole sentence as an aside in the middle of anothersentence. Parenthesis can be circumscribed either by dashes--they are more dramatic and forceful--or by parentheses (to make the aside less stringent).
The use of a conjunction between each word, phrase, or clause; structurally the opposite of asyndeton.
This term refers to the rhetorical act of anticipating an objection and answering it
A question which expects no answer
This term refers to a grammatically correct linkage (or yoking together) of two or more parts of speech by another part of speech. Examples of zeugmatic usage would include one subject with two (or more) verbs, a verb with two (or more) direct objects, two (or more) subjects with one verb, and so forth.
Form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated with the meanings that lie outside the narrative itself. The underlying meaning has moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract ideas as charity, greed, or envy. Thus an allegory is a story with two meanings, a literal meaning and a symbolic meaning.
A repetition of initial or medial consonants in two or more adjacent words.
A brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to a work of art. Casual reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event. An allusion may be drawn from history, geography, literature, or religion.
An event or detail that occurs within a story that is inappropriate for the time period in which the story takes place.
Similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them. An analogy canexplain something unfamiliar by associating it with or pointing out its similarity to something more familiar.Analogies can also make writing more vivid, imaginative, or intellectually engaging.
A terse statement of know authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle. (If the authorship is unknown, the statement is generally considered to be a folk proverb.) An aphorism can be a memorable summation of the author's point.
The repetition of similar vowel sounds in two or more adjacent words.
A very fanciful, extended metaphor wheretwo vastly different objects are likened to one another
Figure of amplification in which a subject is divided into constituent parts or details, and may include alisting of causes, effects, problems, solutions, conditions, and consequences; the listing or detailing of the parts ofsomething.
he substitution of less pungent words for harsh ones, with ironic effect.
literally means "sermon," but more informally, it can be any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral orspiritual advice.
the use of exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect.
an emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.
an implied discrepancy between what is said and what is meant. Three kinds of irony: 1. verbal irony is when an author says one thing and means something else. 2. dramatic irony is when an audience perceives something that acharacter in the literature does not know. 3. situational irony is a discrepancy between the expected result and actual results.
The use of an incorrect word in place of a word with a similar sound, often for a humorous effect.
implied comparison between two things of unlike nature, yet which have something in common.Example: My home is a prison.
using a closely related object as a substitute for the object or idea in mind.
how you the reader feel while reading. The overall feeling of a work.
using words that sound like what they mean
a paradox reduced to two words
a statement that appears to be contradictory but, in fact, has some truth
A statement that appears to be contradictory but, in fact, has some truth.
Investing abstractions or inanimate objects with human qualities or abilities.
a literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing, the subject of the satiric attack.
an explicit comparison, usually using "like," "as," or "than" between two things of unlike nature yet that have something in common.
An error in speech or a play on words where the first letter of words are switched between two words in the phrase
is a visual way to represent the invisible, where a tangible object represents an abstract idea.
using a part to represent a whole.
is the general idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to express.
is the attitude a writer takes towards a subject or character: serious, humorous, sarcastic, ironic, satirical, tongue-in-cheek, solemn, objective.
is an expression that is given less strength or emphasis that what would be expected. It is often a form of humor.
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