AP psycology: abnormal psycology
Terms in this set (83)
A syndrome marked by a clinically significant
disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion
regulation, or behavior.
"The four D's"
Impairs the individual's ability to perform normal
daily life (job, form relationships, etc
Unacceptable or not common in society
To others or themselves (potentially harmful)
The concept that diseases, in this case
psychological disorders, have physical
causes that can be diagnosed, treated,
and, in most cases, cured, often through
treatment in a hospital.
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Disorder marked by the appearance by
age 7 of one or more of three key
symptoms: extreme inattention,
hyperactivity, and impulsivity
Early psycology treatment. Drilling holes in the brain to release evil spirits.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder(GAD)
Worry out of porportion. Always tense and nervous for no paticular reason.
Reoccurring attacks marked by a
minutes-long episode of intense
dread (panic attack)
Overwhelming anxiety that occurs suddenly and unexpectedly:
Persistent and irrational fear of something. Can be caused by Classical conditioning maintained by operant conditioning.
Social Anxiety disorder
Intense fear of social
situations, leading to
avoidance of such.
Formerly called social phobia.
Serotonin, thoughts and obssesions.
memories, nightmares, social
withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, numbness
of feeling, and/or insomnia that
lingers for four weeks or more after a
Increased physical arousal
psycological disorders charecterized by emotional extremes.
Major Depressive Disorder
Two or more weeks with five
or more symptoms, at least
one of which must be either (1)
depressed mood or (2) loss of
interest or pleasure.
Persistent Depressive Disorder/ Dysthymia
Lies between a blue mood
and major depressive
Daily depression lasting two
years or more.
Person alternates between mania a lethargic depressing state.
Hyperactivity wild optimistic state
Overthinking our problems and their causes
Characterized by delusions,
speech, and/or diminished or
Person loses contact with
reality, experiencing irrational
ideas and distorted perceptions
Delusions (False Beliefs)
Delusions of Persecution
"Out to get me."
Delusions of Grandeur (Grandiose
Beliefs that one is famous,
omnipotent, wealthy, or
otherwise very powerful
paranoid out to get me ?
Belief one is famous, god like, or rich?
experiences, such as
seeing something in the
absence of an external
Most frequent = Auditory
Positive Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Absence of appropriate
Somatic Symptom Disorder
Psychological disorder in which the symptoms
take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent
Anxiety presumably is "converted" into a
Dissociative Identity disorder
Formerly Multiple Personality
Two or more distinct personalities
Physical leave w/identity replacement
Sudden memory loss
Maintains a starvation diet despite
being significantly underweight (15
percent or more)
Alternates binge eating (usually of
high-calorie foods) with purging (by
vomiting or laxative use) or fasting.
Binge-eating episodes, followed by
distress, disgust, or guilt
Behavior patterns that persist and do not seem to go away that impair social functioning.
Antisocial Personality Disorder
lack of conscience and wrong doing. Aggressive and manipulative. Can adapt and show remorse in certain scenarios when it benefits them.
Borderline Personality Disorder
Unstable in self-image, mood (bouts
of anger), and interpersonal
Schiziod Personality disorder
Social detatchment. Restricted emotions. Don't see the point in relationships. Prefer activities involving little human interaction and that typical cause no praise or critisism.
Avoidant Personality Disorder
Excessively sensitive to potential
rejection, humiliation or shame. Don't like speaking in front of people or at work, avoid parties and social events.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Problems with their sense of
self-worth stemming from a powerful
sense of entitlement. Exagerate achievements, deserve to be treated special.
histrionic Personality Disorder
Pattern of excessive emotionality
Attention seekers (So-called "drama
queens")Uncomfortable when not center of attention.
interactions between a
trained therapist and someone
Prescribed medications or procedures
that act directly on the person's
Uses techniques from various forms of
Aim→ Discover unresolved
unconscious conflicts.Freud used free
association, hypnosis, and
dream interpretation to
gain insight into the client's
his/her thoughts, resisting
feelings to express emotions. Pscologist will see that a patient shows signs of anxiety from a certain subject. The psycologist will note this and provide insight into its meaning
supposed dream meanings,
resistances, and other significant
behaviors and events in order to
Developing positive or negative feelings
(transference) towards the therapist.
Influenced by Freud, in a face-to-face setting, psychodynamic therapists
understand symptoms and themes across important relationships in a patient's life.
Views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences,
and that seeks to enhance self-insight
Less focus on Id, Ego, SuperEgo & Psychosexual Stages of Development
active listening within a
genuine, accepting, empathic
Empathic listening in which the
listener echoes, restates, and clarifies
Unconditional Positive Regard
Therapy that applies
learning principles to the
elimination of unwanted
Behavior therapy procedures that use classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors, include exposure therapies and aversion conditioning.
The use of virtual or real situations that expose the paitent to the things they fear most.
Exposing more and more a fear some has with intervals of relaxation.
Virtual RealityExposure Therapy
Giving someone a digital exposure of a fear.
Assocaites an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior.
Operant conditioning procedure
People earn a token of some sort for
exhibiting a desired behavior
Can later exchange the tokens for various
privileges or treats
Teaches people new, more
adaptive (constructive) ways
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
therapy, developed by Albert Ellis;
Vigorously challenges people's
illogical, self-defeating attitudes
cognitive therapy (changing
self-defeating thinking) with
behavior therapy (changing
Procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.
Clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences.
Eye movement Desentization and reprocessing
unlock and reprocess previous frozen
traumatic memories by waving a finger in front of the eyes of the client.
Big light make you feel better
Personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and recover from adversity and even trauma.
The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.
Used to treat schizophrenia and other
forms of severe thought disorder
1st generation - Classical - Thorazine
2nd generation - Atypical - Clozapin
2nd gen - less side effects
Involuntary movements of the facial muscles (such
as grimacing), tongue, and limbs
(Xanax and Ativan)
Elevating the levels of
reduce anxiety and
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs). Increase serotonin.
Stabilize manic episodes in
severely depressed patients in
which a brief electric current is
sent through the brain of an
Repetitive transcarnial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)
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