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CHAPTER 10

STUDY
PLAY
The American population between 1820 and 1840
was migrating westward.
The rise of New York City in the first half of the nineteenth century was the result of all of the following EXCEPT
an absence of "nativist" sentiment.
At the time it was completed, the Erie Canal was
the greatest construction project Americans had ever undertaken.
Which of the following helped enlarge the urban population in this era?
A) immigrants from Europe
B) northeast farmers
C) the growth of the population as a whole
D) immigrants from Europe and the growth of the population as a whole
E) All these answers are correct.
The nativist movement wanted to
enact more restrictive naturalization laws.
One of the immediate results of the new transportation routes constructed during the "canal age" was
an increased white settlement in the Northwest.
During the 1820s and 1830s, railroads
played only a secondary role in the nation's transportation system.
The most profound economic development in mid-nineteenth-century America was the
rise of the factory.
The telegraph
was first used to announce the victory of James K. Polk in the presidential election of 1844.
The great technical advances in American industry owed much to
American inventors.
The beginnings of an industrial labor supply can be traced to
a dramatic increase in food production.
The Lowell or Waltham system of recruiting labor was to
enlist young women from farm families.
The paternalistic factory system of Lowell and Waltham did not last long because
in the highly competitive textile market, manufacturers were eager to cut labor costs.
Most of the industrial growth experienced in the United States between 1840 and 1860 took place in the
New England region and the mid-Atlantic states.
Artisan workers
created the nation's earliest trade unions.
Which of the following was NOT a technological advance that sped the growth of industry during this period?
improved water-power generators
The railroad network that developed during this period linked
the Northeast to the Northwest.
Crucial to the operation of railroads was
the invention of the telegraph.
Which of the following did NOT inhibit the growth of effective labor resistance?
slavery
The unequal distribution of wealth NOT create more resentment was
the actual living standard of the workers was improving.
In the middle-class family during this era, the role of women changed from
income producer to income consumer.
Shakespeare's plays
were generally viewed as entertainment for the nation's elite classes.
The growth of the agricultural economy of the Northwest affected the sectional alignment of the United States because
northwestern goods were sold to residents of the Northeast and northeastern industries sold their products to the Northwest.