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Sediment formed from fragmented rock and mineral debris produced by weathering and erosion.
Sediment formed by the precipitation of minerals dissolved in lakewater, riverwater, or seawater.
Sediment that is primarily composed of plant and animal remains, or precipitates as a result of biologic processes.
The process in which substances dissolved in pore water precipitate out and form a matrix in which grains of sediment are joined together.
A medium-grained clastic sedimentary rock in which the clasts are typically, but not necessarily, dominated by quartz grains.
A very fine grained sedimentary rock of the same composition as shale but without fissility.
A very fine grained fissile or laminated sedimentary rock, consisting primarily of clay sized particles.
A rock formed by the evaporation of lake water or seawater, followed by lithification of the resulting salt deposit.
A sedimentary deposit commonly triangle shaped, that forms where a stream enters a standing body of water.
A turbulent, gravity-driven flow consisting of a mixture of sediment and water, which conveys sediment from the continental shelf to the deep sea.
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