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Civil Rights Vocabulary
Terms in this set (25)
Ku Klux Klan
A group of unidentified people clothed in white. They would lynch, bomb, beat, and shoot black and white activists
Discrimination that was practiced but not ordained (made legal) by law
A group of bus riders (black and white) who were on a mission to desegregate the country
The refusal to obey certain laws as a peaceful form of political protest
Brown VS. Board of Education
This landmark case went to the supreme court and overturned Plessy VS. Ferguson. It allowed the integration of African Americans and Caucasian students in the public school system
A group of laws that prevented integration at the schools. The term was coined by US Senator Harry F. Bryd. An example of this is when the National Guard blocked the entrance to Central High
An act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as a form of protest. Think "Rosa Parks"
The practice of being intolerantly devoted to one's own opinions and prejudices; one who regards or treats the members of a group (as a racial or ethnic group) with hatred and intolerance.
This helped Blacks feel empowered in their rights. It sometimes carried "connotations of violence and separatism"
Originally was an extra judicial punishment (tarring, feathering, etc) referring specifically to murder. Later, it was associated with hanging
These tests were used to keep people of color, and sometimes poor whites, from voting
Voting Rights Act of 1965
A law passed to assure that the right of all citizens of the US to vote is not denied on account of race or color
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Group of students involved freedom riders, sit-ins, etc. It emerged from a student meeting in the 1960's led by Ella Baker
Plessy VS. Ferguson
A landmark constitutional law case of the US Supreme Court. It upheld state racial segregation laws for public facilities under "separate but equal"
A form of controlling someone by restraining, stifling, or holding them back.
An action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education, positive discrimination.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
A major organization which promotes the rights of black people. It was formed in 1909 and is still strong today
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Jim Crow Laws
Segregation in public schools, public places and transportation.
Not complying to discriminatory laws in a peaceful manner such as lunch-counter sit-ins, marches and boycotts
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Civil rights organization closely related to MLK. Its goal was to end all forms of segregation in a peaceful way
Congress Of Racial Equality
One of the leading activists organizations
Mixing the Caucasian and African American Races. They were able to use/go to the same places
A tax forced on adults equally in order for them to vote
Depriving black people the right to vote
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