Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Politics of the United States
Supreme Court Cases
Terms in this set (13)
Griswald v Connecticut
Woman in charge of woman's health clinic gave information about contraception, but state had made it illegal to do so. Supreme Court ruled that under the ninth amendment there is a right to privacy in marital relations
Roe v Wade
A woman sought an abortion but it wasn't allowed in her state except to save a woman's life. The court held that the right to an abortion fell within the right to privacy, protected by the 14th amendment
Akron v Akron Center for Reproductive Health
These provisions resulted in a regulation of abortions where there was a 24 hour waiting period and counseling. It was the first attempt to put restrictions on Roe v. Wade, but the court protected women's rights.
Thornburgh v American College
A state tried placing restrictions on abortion requiring women to give informed consent to an abortion, being informed of risks, and having the presence of a second physician for post viability abortions. The court ruled that the state was trying to deter women from making their own choices concerning abortion.
Planned Parenthood of S.E. Pennsylvania v Casey
A state required informed consent form, a 24 hour waiting period, a parental consent form for minors, and consent from husband. The court reaffirmed Roe but upheld most of the provisions
United States v Lopez
A man was charged with concealing a weapon into his high school, and was charged under the Gun Free School Zone Act. However it was unconstitutional because statute had nothing to do with commerce.
Granholm v Heald
Michigan and New York allowed in-state wineries to directly ship alcohol to customers but restricted out of state wineries. The 21st Amendment was violated, which allowed states to regulate alcohol importation. Both states' law violated the commerce clause
Kelo v City of New London
A city used its authority to seize private property to sell to private developers. Citizens argued that there was a violation of the fifth Amendment's taking clause, which guaranteed that government wouldn't take private property unless with justification. However eminent domain gives government the right to take private property for public use.
Fletcher v Peck
A state's legislature voided a land grant, but a man had already sold land given to him through this grant. The person who bought the land filed a suit complaining that the first man had no legal rights to sell the land. The court didn't permit bills of attainder or ex-post facto laws.
TLO v New Jersey
A fourteen year old girl was accused of smoking the girls' bathroom. Principal searched her purse and it was found that it wasn't a violation of the fourteenth amendment. The court ruled that these searches could be conducted when there was a probable cause that an individual has violated a law.
Thompson v Oklahoma
A 15 year old was sentenced to death. The case ruled that it violated the Eight Amendment of cruel and unusual punishment, and resulted in the execution of a person under 16 being unconstitutional
Gibbons v Ogden
A state gave two individuals exclusive right to operate steamboats on waters within the state jurisdiction. The court found New York's licensing requirement inconsistent with Congressional act regulating coasting trade. Congress only had the power to regulate interstate commerce
marbury v madison
The 1803 case in which Chief Justice John Marshall and his associates first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the U.S. Constitution. The decision established the Court's power of judicial review over acts of Congress, (the Judiciary Act of 1789).
Sets with similar terms
Important Supreme Court Cases
Important Supreme Court Cases
Supreme Court Cases (APUSH)
AP Gov Court Case Flashcards
Other sets by this creator
Chapter 7 Part 2
Chapter 7 PArt 1