Building Citizenship: Civics and Economics-Ch. 6

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Electoral College
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president.
Electors
People elected by the voters in a presidential election as members of the electoral college.
Florida has ____ electors.
29
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Role
Job of an economic leader.
Cabinet
A group of advisers to the president.
Federal Bureaucracy
The agencies and employees of the executive branch.
Executive Agencies
Deal with certain specific areas within gov., ex--NASA, CIA, EPA, FBI.
Civil Service System
Centralized system that runs the day-to-day business of government.
Spoils System
A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends.
Electors in Electoral College
538
General Election
An election held to choose which candidate will hold office. (In November.)
Winner Takes All
Electoral system in which the candidate receiving the most votes wins.
Popular Votes
The. actual votes cast by the citizens in a presidential election
To win the election, the candidate must have at least ____ electoral votes.
270
If there is a tie.....
the vote goes to the House of Representatives.
William Henry Harrison
1st president to die
Presidential Succession Act
Lists the positions in line for the President if the President dies or becomes incapacitated. (Vice President, Speaker of the House, President Pro Temp of the Senate, Secretary of State)
Twenty-fifth Amendment
Say that if the president die or leaves office the vice president becomes the new president.
Head of the Executive Branch, Most Powerful Official in America, Must give "state of the union" address.
President
Twenty-second Amendment
Limits the president to two terms in office.
Presidential Roles
1) Chief Executive 2) Head of State 3) Commander and Chief 4) Party Leader 5) Chief Diplomat 6)
Pardon
A declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment.
Reprieve
Postponement of a sentence.
Ammnesty
General pardon offered to a group of offenders.
Foreign Policy
The nation's way of dealing with other countries.
4 Goals of Foreign Policy
National security, promote world peace, advance democracy, and world trade.
4 Tools of Foreign Policy
Treaties, Foreign Aid, Military Force, International Trade.
Ambassadors
People who represent our country.
EOP
Executive Office of the President; Help the President do his job.
OMB
Office of Management and Budget
NSC
National Security Council; advises the president on matters of national security.
CEA
...
CIA
Central Intelligence Agency; Its primary function is obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and persons in order to advise public policymakers
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency; An independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
IRS
Internal Revenue Service; Governmental agency responsible for collecting federal taxes, issuing regulations, and enforcing tax laws
Government Corporations
A business owned and operated by the federal government.
Regulatory Commissions
An agency of the executive branch of government that controls or directs some aspect of the economy.
Political Appointees
People chosen by the President.
OPM
Office of Personnel Management; advises the president
Executive Order
A rule issued by the president that has the force of law.
One Term=
4 Years
22nd Amendment
Amendment that created a 2 term limit on presidents.
25th Amendment
Amendment that creates a chain of succession for filling in the presidential seat in case of death/incapacitation.
EOP
overseen by chief of staff
Executive Agreement
An agreement between the president and the leader of another country.
# of electors based on...
# of House Represenatives and Senators
Trade Sanctions
An effort to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers.
Embargoes
A complete ban on the import or export of certain products.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
He was the only president elected four times.