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World Studies BJU chapter 3
African history in middle ages
Terms in this set (30)
a huge desert stretching across most of North Africa
a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
a narrow strip of land between the Sahara and the savannah
a group of families who trace their roots to the same ancestor
In African society, this consisted of two or more clans that shared the same language, beliefs, and customs.
a African clan that did not worship many gods, but only one god, whom they called Ngai
the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
a Christian kingdom that developed in the highlands of eastern Africa under the dynasty of King Lalaibela; retained Coptic Christianity in the face of muslim expansion elsewhere in africa during the 12c
was a slave in the Empire of Aksum and later became bishop of the Ethiopian Coptic Church
Zagwe king who built 11 Christian churches out of solid rock in the 1200s
the first West African kingdom based on the gold and salt trade
Empire created by indigenous Muslims in western Sudan of West Africa from the thirteenth to fifteenth century. It was famous for its role in the trans-Saharan gold trade. (See also Timbuktu.) (p. 50)
a West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591
Ruler of Mali (r. 1312-1337). His pilgrimage through Egypt to Mecca in 1324-1325 established the empire's reputation for wealth in the Mediterranean world. (p. 376)
one of the most important cities of the Mali empire; located along the Niger river; filled with outstanding mosques and universities
important to trade across the deserts of Africa. Known as the ship of the desert.
Region of the Atlantic coast of West Africa occupied by modern Ghana; named for its gold exports to Europe from the 1470s onward.
A Bantu language with arabic words, spoken along the east african coast
City, now in ruins (in the modern African country of Zimbabwe), whose many stone structures were built between about 1250 and 1450, when it was a trading center and the capital of a large state. (p. 385)
key port and City-state on the east coast of Africa that exported gold across the Indian Ocean from the interior of Africa
A powerful kingdom that arose and conquered Kush, was located south of Kush, on a rugged plateau on the Red Sea in the countries now modern day Ethiopia
Ethiopan King of Aksum who was rumored to be son of King Solomon and Queen Sheba-- Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah
N. African traveler/historian - wrote in detail about his journeys through Islamic Africa (1300s)--Kilwa and Timbukutu
a main root crop gathered in the African rain forests
millet, sorghum and maize (corn)
grain crops grown in the savannah's flat grasslands
cotton and watermellon
crops that appeared in West Africa and the Sahel
finger millet, peas and flax
crops of Ethiopia
sheep, goats and cattle
the livestock raised by Africans that were used for milk and wool. They were rarely killed because they (especially cattle) were a sign of wealth.
This may have been produced independently in early African history. African craftsmen forged it into tools, weapons and other devices. Bars of it were even used as a form of money in places like Ethiopia.
This language became widespread in northern Africa because of the spread of Islam there.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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First Form Latin Lesson 2
First Form Latin Lesson 3
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