Upgrade to remove ads
A level: Regeneration EQ4 - How successful is regeneration?
Terms in this set (29)
The method used or event that starts a regeneration scheme, such as the building of a new shopping mall, leisure facility, creation of a country park or holding an event
What are 'area based initiatives'
ABIs aim to improve selected people or places within a specific location and include educational attainment, enhancing crime prevention and reducing unemployment
Poverty is relative to the place and time people live in. The poverty threshold used in the UK is households with an income of less than 60 per cent of the national median, after housing costs are included.
What is meant by 'legacy'?
The longer-term effects of a regeneration scheme; can be positive or negative
Why is evidence of the success of a regeneration scheme difficult to quantify?
There are many variables in regeneration and its outcomes. Success is measured by comparisions with other areas or past conditions. Time for the regeneration scheme to have an effect also varies
Why does the Royal Town Planning Institution (RTPI) support the place-making aspect of ABIs?
Living in safer, cleaner and more attractive places is likely to enable individuals to become more economically active and live more fulfilling lives in the long-term.
What is the aim of regeneration?
To increase income and employment and to decrease poverty
Which type of regeneration scheme is more likely to generate a greater initial rise in income?
Those with an immediate job focus, other than the construction phases, such as a shopping mall or new science park. Compared to, for examples, a housing scheme or upgrade of social facilities
What is the risk of 'jobs-based' regeneration schemes?
Whilst they increase opportunities, outsiders may take new jobs rather than locals. Success may be relative if only certain groups have benefitted.
Why have regeneration schemes rarely been credited with tackling poverty directly?
Getting out of the poverty trap depends in the short term on household income, but longer term in educational attainment.
How is the success of regeneration best measured?
Using a range of criteria over a short and longer time-scale, both within areas and by comparison with other more successful areas.
Give an example of where regeneration success has involved a strong identity and sense of place?
The WestQuay shopping centre in Southampton has been a huge boost to the city's economy - the building is reminiscent of a city wall and ocean liner
Give three ways in which social progress can be measured?
1. Reductions in inqualities both between areas and within them 2. Improvements in social measures of deprivation 3. Demographic changes such as improvements in life-expectancy
What is meant by 'social progress'?
It relates to how an individual and community improve their relative status in society over time
Give an example of how a food stores can help to break inequality and deprivation cycles.
Tesco spearheaded the use of its stores in the Seacroft estate in Leeds 2000, with marked improvedments in local diet and health as a result
In a 2012 survey by ONS, what did 73% of repondents mention as an important factor in well-being?
the local and global environment
What factors make up the 'local environment'?
access to open, green space within walking distance of hoe and the quality of the local area
What count as 'global environment factors'?
Air quality and climate change
Give examples of aspects of regenerationt that can improve the local environment
1. pedestrian zoning 2. improved lighting 3. public art 4. creation of green space, parks and public areas 5. tackling graffiti, litter and noise
What are the two subdivisions of the IMD Living Environment Deprivation domain?
1.Indoors: quality of housing including structure, facilities, insulation and central heating provision 2.Outdoors: air quality and number of road traffic accidents
What features can be associated wiht 'dereliction'?
redundant industrial infrastructure e.g. Powerplants; unused buildings, houses, shops; redundant dairies and barns in rural areas.
Who are the 'Campaign to Protect Rural England'?
A pressure groups that campaigns for the greater use of derelict rural sites for new housing, rather than building on greenfield sites.
Why do environmental regeneration projects deserve recognition?
Improvements in the appearance and form of the built environment and public spaces often have sigificant and diverse wider social and economic multiplier benefits.
Give one negative effect of regeneration based on physical upgrades in buildings and space
It can force out locals because of unintended regeneration, as is happening now around the Olympic site it London
Which factors incfluence the perception of regeneration success?
Media coverage; Personal perceptions and attachments; Personal experiences of change; Gender; Ethnicity; Age; Stance towards development and change
What is a benefit and cost ratio?
The balance between incestment and outcomes; a postive ratio is desirable
What is the current government's role in regeneration
It has just a strategic and supporting role and has stopped monitoring spatial inequalities or setting targets.
How has central government spending on regeneration changed?
£32 million per year on average is spent on small-scale schemes to support coastal and coalfield communities. This compares with the previous Labour government's Neighbourhood Renewal Fund, which alone represented £500 million spending.
Summarise the government's current view on regeneration
Local economic growth is viewed as critical, overseen by Local Enterprise Partnerships (LEPs) able to fund housing and infrastructure developments. City Deal status gave 28 urban areas powers to attract private investment
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
A level geography - The Water Cycle and Water Inse…
The Carbon Cycle- A level Geography
Globalisation A Level
A level geograohy key tectonics
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Regenerating Places (Edexcel A Level)
A level: Regeneration EQ1 - How and why do places…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
A level: Regeneration EQ1 - How and why do places…
Edexcel A Level Geography - Migration - Case studi…
Geography: Edexcel: A2: SUPERPOWERS
A level: Regeneration EQ3- How is regeneration man…