Chapter 9 Language I

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Terms in this set (...)

phoneme
basic unit of spoken language (a, k, l sounds)
morpheme
basic unit of meaning (reactivated --> re, active, ed)
syntax
grammatical rules that govern how we organize sentences
semantics
meaning of words and sentences
semantic memory
our organized knowledge about the word
pragmatics
social rules that underlie language use
Chomsky
1) language is innate in humans
2) language is separate from other cognitive processes
3) deep structure of a sentence captures its core meaning
is it harder to understand negation or affirmation?
negation
incremental intepretation
we make judgements before a sentence is finished
lexical ambiguity
a single word can have multiple meanings, if the word is by itself its hard to understand what it might mean without a context
syntactic ambiguity
ambiguous sentence structure especially if there is no punctuation
aphasia
difficulty communicating because of brain damage
Broca's area
damage causes hesitant speech, involves executive attention network (
Wernicke's area
difficulty with language comprehension
is language processing in the left or right hemisphere of the brain?
left
dual route approach to reading
1) direct access route: recognition of a word without reading it
2) indirect access route: saying a word before knowing the meaning
what quality is in skilled readers? less skilled readers?
direct access for skilled and less skilled depends on indirect access
whole word approach
understanding words in regards to context
phonics approach
sounding out words
whole language approach
meaning of language
metacomprehension
your thoughts on comprehension
what kind of people make inferences? what qualities do they have?
large working memory capacity, good metacomprehension skills, and expertise in the area
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