Roots of American democracy
Terms in this set (45)
Document signed in 1215-wealthy landowners in England made a king John sign it, limited power of the Monarch.
What was the Magna Carta?
The ruler of the area or the government is not all-powerful; separation of powers among the branches of government.
What is limited government?
Nobles could rebel/petition for change; king cannot tax Without the consent of landowners; people had right to trial by their peers.
What rights did English landowners gain?
A set of rules that government had to follow; past and 1689.
Explain the English bill of rights:
English citizens were guaranteed certain rights that cannot be taken away by kings;
examples: right to trial, freedom of speech, no cruel or unusual punishments...etc.
What rights did the english bill of rights guarantee?
A European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition.
When and what was the enlightenment?
began to believe in laws of nature; people could use reason to discover them; more individual site and research.
how did people's views change?
People were born with natural rights; government had a social contract with its people
What did John Locke believed?
Philosopher who influenced American colonies thoughts about governments.
Who was John Locke?
French philosopher in the 1700s.
Baron de Montesquieu
Believed that government should be divided into sections, each section should have different powers.
Separation of powers
legislature, judiciary, executive
Separation of powers was used in the US Constitution.
Influence on the founding fathers
English philosopher of the late 1600s.
Rights that people are born with including: life, liberty and property.
-No man can take away someone's natural rights because they are given by God.
Government has social contract with citizens to protect their rights; if government does not protect these rights, then the people have the right to form a new government.
His ideas were used in the declaration of independence
influence on The founding fathers
Began in Jamestown in 1619; call Ness elected burgesses And government; this was the first representative government in the colonies.
house of burgesses
620-pilgrim been decided on a list of rules for Plymouth colony before getting off the ship the Mayflower; it created a direct democracy AKA self rule
The Mayflower compact
1639-people of Connecticut wrote the first written constitution in the colonies; created an assembly of elected representatives who passed laws for the colony
Fundamental orders of Connecticut
colonies questioned religious and political authority: people wanted more liberty and same rights as people in great Britain.
How did the great awakening in the enlightenment affect colonists?
France and Great Britain fight over land on the American frontier; most native Americans fought for the French; brittan won !
What happened in the French and Indian war?
This treaty ended the war; brittan gain control over Western lands up to the Mississippi river; Spanish gave up claims to Florida.
What were the terms of the treaty of Paris 1763?
The king of England declared that call a nurse could not move west of the Appalachian mountains because brittan couldn't/wouldn't defend them from native Americans.
-Colonists believed brittan was limiting their freedoms
Why did the proclamation of 1763 angered colonists?
Events that led to the declaration of independence in the formation of the US Constitution
The controlling crown and the cranky colonists
British crown taxes colonists goods to raise money for the British military
colonist boycott British goods ,
British repeal the tax after a few months
Colonist dump $1 million with a British tea into the Boston Harbor > Boston tea party
British close Boston Harbor shipping, set up military wool in Massachusetts, and required colonist to house the soldiers
First shots of American revolution are fired by Massachusetts militia ,
This is before we formally declared our independence from the British
published in 1776: a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine; distributed in Philadelphia P. A.
Common sense is influence on American democracy:
said that it was "common sense" that the colonist should break away and become their own country.
gave many reasons :
King was too far away to understand needs And it was too difficult to get laws passed quickly
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
King George the third and the world
To whom it was the Declaration of Independence written?
To declare independence from Great Britain by giving evidence to how we have been mistreated.
What was the declaration of independence purpose?
July 4, 1776
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
where was The Declaration of Independence adopted?
It's the beginning of the United States of America as a new country
Why is the declaration of independence important to United States history?
Outlines what the colonists believed about how they should be treated
part 1 of the declaration of independence
List all of the wrong doings of the king
Part two of the Declaration of Independence
Who declares that the colonist have tried to work things out with the king but they feel they weren't being heard. They declare independence because of this.
part 3 of the Declaration of Independence
God gives people rights that cannot be taken away by man-life liberty and the pursuit of happiness
People are endowed by their Creator with certain on alienable rights
People create governments to protect these God-given rights
Governments are instituted among men to secure these rights
governments rule because people give them the power ; People control the government.
governments derive their just powers from the consent of governed
If the government fails to protect these rights, then people can overthrow the government and create a new one.
whenever any form of government becomes distractive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government.