25 terms

Cultural Literacy 4th nine weeks

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Terms in this set (...)

Cronus/Kronus
son of Uranus and Gaea; leader of the Titans and early ruler of the universe; father of Zeus
Heracles
son of Zeus. The most famous of the Greek heroes. Latin name is Hercules.
Ixion
punished in Tartarus by being bound to a revolving wheel
Sisyphus
condemned to forever roll a stone up a hill in the lower world
Ganymede
carried off to Olympus to be a cup bearer to the gods
Bateau
a boat
Pirogue
a flat bottomed plank boat or dugout boat used for trapping, hunting, and fishing; frequently made of cypress. Originating in the Caribbean and moved northward
Sachet
a small bag of perfume
Brioche
a coffee cake
Lache pas la patate
don't drop the potato
-Don't give up
Thomas Aquinas
wrote the Summa Theologica.
-Contains information about Catholic theology and five proofs for the existence of God.
Thomas Beckett
In 1170, Henry II was crowned King by a bishop, overstepping Beckett who was Archbishop. He excommunicated Henry II and those who were part of the coronation. Henry said something to his knights (unknown and disputed) that led them to think he wanted Beckett murdered. Killed in Canterbury Cathedral in 1173.
Thomas More
refused to recognize Henry VII as head of the Christian church in England
Thomas the Apostle
required physical proof of Jesus' resurrection
-Doubting Thomas is a term to refer to someone who needs proof
Thomas a Kempis
wrote The Imitation of Christ (the most famous religious devotional)
Pater noster, qui es in caelis,/Sanctificetur nomen tuum
-Our father who art in heaven/ Hallowed be thy name
Adveniat regnum tuum;/Fiat voluntas tua, sicut in caelo, et in terra
-Thy kingdom come/On earth as it is in heaven
Panem nostrum quotidanum da nobis hodie:/Et dimitee nobis debita nostra
-Give us this day our daily bread/And forgive us our tresspasses
Sicut er nose dimittimus debitoribus nostris
As we forgive our tresspassers
Et ne nos inducas in tentationem/Sed libera nos a malo
-And lead us not into temptation,/but deliver us from evil
Poet laureate
the national poet in Britain; composes official poetry for the king or queen's birthday and for other public occasions
-Chaucer, Tennyson, Wordsworth
Friday
assistant to Robinson Crusoe
Scarlet O'Hara
heroine of Gone with the Wind; a shrewd, southern belle who survives two husbands and finally is matched for wits by Rhett Butler
Invictus
Latin for "unconquered"; late 19th century poem. The speaker of the poem proclaims his strength in the face of adversity
-My head is blood, but unbowed/I am the master of my fate/ I am the captain of my soul
William Faulkner
American author of the 20th century. Works were set in the South