24 terms

Ecology - Climate and Ecosystems

STUDY
PLAY
abiotic
non-living factors in the environment
biotic
living factors in the environment
ecology
the study of the interaction between organisms and the environment
biosphere
the part of the planet that supports life
biome
An area with similar climate and ecosystems
population
a group of interbreeding organisms living in the same area (all of the deer in the forest)
ecosystem
all the organisms living in the same area AND their nonliving environment
community
all the different populations in an area (fox + rabbit + grass)
evaporation
the process in which water droplets turn into water vapor
condensation
the process in which water vapor turns back into water droplets
precipitation
water droplets that become too heavy and fall from the clouds (can be in the form of snow, hail, rain)
Greenhouse Effect
gasses cause warm air to be trapped in the atmosphere
succession
The gradual development of a community over time
primary succession
When a community grows where previously there was only barren rock
secondary succession
When a community grows back after it has been destroyed by fire or farming
biodiversity
the number and variety of life in an ecosystem
niche
the conditions in which an organism lives, its "way of life"
competitive exclusion principle
states that no two species can occupy the same niche
niche partitioning
competing species use the environment differently in ways that help them coexist
symbiosis
two species that live closely together that are not predator and prey
mutualism
type of symbiosis where both species benefit
commensalism
type of symbiosis where only one member benefits but the other is not harmed
parasitism
type of symbiosis where one organisms lives on or in another and causes it harm
habitat
the physical space that an organism lives
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